For pronunciations help and more about the signs select the letters below.
Vowels:[ A | Á| E | É | I | Í | O | Ó | Ö | Ô | U | Ú | Ü | Û ]
Consonants:[B | C | CS | D | F | G | GY | H | J | K | L | LY | M ]
Consonants:[N | NY | P | R | S | SZ | T | TY | V | Z | ZS ]
The Hungarians of the time of their settlement and their eastern relatives used a common alphabet called in Hungarian "rovás". The uniqueness of this type of writing is that it enables the Hungarian language to be represented in a phonetic way without the need of accent marks or combination letters as is necessary with the modified Latin alphabet even in English. Every Hungarian sound has its own separate letter represented by a symbol which with a little imagination looks like a recognizable basic item that starts with that letter. They also had special numeric symbols much like the Roman numerals, except closer to its earlier Etruscan form.
The Hungarians in their ancestral lands were mentioned by the geographer Ibn Rusta to write down the dowry of the bride given by her father to the father of the groom. Much of this ancient writing was lost in Hungary, although in isolated areas it was used for a long time. It was lost because the material eventually perished, and also because St.Steven, king of Hungary passed laws against it due to papal pressure.
.Many of the people and the Hungarian Christian priests understood its use and many remnants were found in church beams and walls, covered over to hide them. However the foreign priest burned and destroyed them wherever they found them. It survived the longest in the more isolated areas of Transylvania among the Székely Hungarians.
The loss of this writing form meant a great setback to the Hungarian language and literature, because it took hundreds of years to rebuild and modify the Latin alphabet to be useable for Hungarian. In the meantime Hungarian was relegated to be the language of the common people and most of early Hungarian history was written in Latin. Unlike in the past most of the common people became illiterate. One of the earliest Hungarian language bibles using the Latin alphabet was from the 17th century. The European Avar Huns are known to have used this alphabet also and examples of this have been found in Hungary. These appear to be Hungarian in language also, rather than Turkic. Only the small ruling cast of the Avars seem to be racially oriental, according to anthropologists. The chronicles of the times mention the unique alphabet of the Avars, along with the Goths and the Arabs. In spite of the many facts and physical evidence many Western European "historians" deny the writing skills of the Avar Huns and early Hungarians.
The literature of the Hungarian Inquisition (witch trials) often mention the Hungarian "Táltos" priest, who wrote and read their sticks with carved runes. The old and blind priest could read his medicinal runes easily (1230 AD, Somogy county). Some Hungarian Chronicles even mention the origin of these runes, as being BLAK (probably BALK). This was probably BALK north east of Persia, where the white Huns Ephtalites mixed with the local Apar-ni and subsequently were known as Avars Huns or by some as "fake" Avars. They preceded the Hungarians into the Carpathian Basin and ruled it for some 200 years. At about the time of the settlement of the Hungarians into the Carpathian Basin the Ujgurs were living in Eastern Turkestan, who also believe themselves to be of Hun origin, had large libraries with books in many languages. Some of these were discovered by Auriel Stein, a Hungarian explorer in the walled off cave temples of Dung Huan. They even kept records of daily crossings of the frontiers. These Ujgurs wrote on fine paper or sometimes on rods of wood. They called their writing and the writing instrument BICH, just as in Hungarian the small writing knife is called BICHka. Whereas the Hungarian words for writing and sign are Mesopotamian in origin but still shared with the Altaic languages, the words for books, letters, stamp and writing utensil are related to the the Ujgur of Turkic & Hun origin, and to ancient Chinese. These words are;
book: könyv (Hung), Kyon (anc Chinese), küjn (Turkic)
letters: Betü (Hung), piet (anc Chinese), bitik (Turkic), bichik (Ujgur)
stamp: bélyeg (Hung), belgü (Ujgur)
write ir (Hung), shir (Chuvas Hun), sür (anc.Turk), sar (Sumir) yaz (Turk) r>z