P, R, S words

based on John Halloren's Sumerian Lexicon

modified by Fred Hamori as Sumerian & FU List
I included Hungarian formatives in brackets (formative). Such formatives are often dropped in written Sumerian, since the logograms make them irrelevant. However the spoken language must have had them, to differentiate the many meanings of each homonymic root word. The goal is not to try to match Hungarian word forms onto Sumerian but to translate Sumerian phonemes to Hungarian as they are. Therefore word order changes and the lack of formatives are kept the way they are. Simple words often are close whereas combined words tend to have metathesis at times. The metathesis can often be explained by the Sumerian morphological differences, that may use common morpheme but in a different order. Also the FU languages
had not one but a half a dozen different formatives that daughter languages may and do change to fit their needs and when it becomes unnecessary drops them. These differentiate the many uses of a common root word.

p

(cf., pd ).

pa(4)-har
fiz(et) +hur

wages ('small canal' + 'coil of silver', cf, a-pa4).
[fiz(et) = pay + kr=circle, hur=a loop, snare]

pa...;
pa-...aka
figy-(el)
fny

to show; to make appear; [figy-el=observe, watch]
to let shine; [fny =shine p>f]
to make resplendent (often with -
ni- or bi-) ('bud, sprout' + 'to send forth' + 'to make').

PA+DUG-um

an allowance, payment.

PA+USAN

a shepherd.

pa4,5,6(-r)
foj + r

irrigation ditch, small canal, dike.
[internal single k normally dropes in Hungarian except geminated, Sumerian may drop either]
-*k> [ *pakka > fak-ad = to spring, well up, source (of water), also for-s=a spring ]
r =to inundate, to flood

pa4...ba-al
foj .vj

to dig ditches ('irrigation ditch' + 'to dig'). {*j>l,g}
foj =to flow ..vj =dig , hew out.

pa4[PAB]-a-da-ga
patak

flowing irrigation ditch ('irrigation ditch' + 'flowing with water').
[ pat-ak=brook]??

pa4-gur[SIG7]
foj + *jngor

ditch ('irrigation ditch' + 'field, garden' ?).
[ foj=flow, water flow + j-(n)gor =swampy river, wetlands ] ak=formative

pa5-sig
foj + szk

small branch canal ('irrigation ditch, canal' + 'small').
[foj =waterflow + szk =narrow ]

pa-ŋ

nostrils ('wings' + 'to measure, check').

pab, pap, pa4
apa, b

father; brother; man; leader [PAP archaic frequency = 501; concatenation of 2 sign variants].
[*app >> apa=father, ap=father (endearing form), ap=elder man, b- =elder man or respected elder man, btya=elder brother]

pd, p
figy-(el)

to show, reveal; [ >gy, p>f figy-el =to observe, watch, keep an eye on]
to choose, call; to seek; to find; to declare; to swear, take an oath; to choose out of (with ablative prefix) (
p-d in sing. mar; p-p-d in plural mar) (sprout, branch + to go out; cp., pa...d, 'to show; to make appear'; cf., r...pd) [PA3 archaic frequency = 30].
*w > b/p in Sumerian although normally it just drops, here it stayed as a p [ (*δ>l & *w>v in Ugrian ) vαl-aszt=choose, ro respond in a discourse, but also as fel-el =answer, (p~w) , vigy-αz=beware,watch]

pad, pax
fal
pat-an

n., bite, small repast (regularly followed by r; cf., bur and bru)
(sprout + repetitive processing) [? PAD archaic frequency = 38; concatenation of 2 sign variants].
[ *δ>l} {*p>f} fal =to bite of food, fal-at=a bite of food]
v., to break off.
[ pat-an =to snapp, to break off , chip off]

p-da

an occupation ('to find; to declare' + nominative).

pag, bag[HU]
fog

to cage, shelter (birds) (branches + round chamber).
[ *pakke *p>f fog=catch, hold, cage, fogda=jail, fog-oly =partridge, fog-ad =to receive a guest ]

pah[LUL]
?LUL-pah
l-b

leg. [lb=legg ] L >blk ??, The lead L in Sumerian doesnt get dropped so this is an unreliable solution
The only explanation could be that its a combination of two words. pah-lul metathesis lul-pah >> lb_
The word is not found in FU languages.

pah-zil
bl + szel

an intestinal disease (?) ('legs; leprosy' + 'to divide; to peel').
bl =intestine + szel=to slice, cut in two.

pala(2,3)
palst

vestments, clothing (of gods and rulers) (cf., pa-pah, 'inner sanctum', and lal/l, 'to drape' as in tg-nŋ-lal).
[ pal-st =cloak like, vestment of kings and high priests; lla=curtain (provincial, archaic), tied to lg=hang ]

palil(2)
f + el+ men

advance troops, shock troops, leader (bala, 'to cross over', + l, 'men').
[*paNe > f =head, chief, main + el =lead + men ], homonyms used to create the word.

pana, pan, ban
bony-(ol)

bow (pa, 'branch', + na4, 'pebble, stone') [BAN archaic frequency= 27; concatenates 2 ? sign variants].
[ *puńa >> bony-ol =to be bent, curved, twisted , tangled, complex ]

pap
pap

(cf., pab; pa4).
[pap=priest ]

pa-pah
fl-ke, fog-da

cella, inner sanctum of a temple (cf., Orel & Stolbova #1926, *pah- "close, lock").
[*pkke >>fog=to hold, grabb, catch, keep; fog-da=jail, flke=cella, small room ]

pap-hal(-la)
__ hal-ad

n., leg, thigh; confinement, poverty; share (Akk. loan, cf., hal, ha-la).
v., to walk. [hal-ad=move about, advance, move forward]
adj., walking about, movable.

par3/4

(cf., bra).

parim
pa-rim4
por, par-lag

arid land; dry land (as opposed to marsh land or water) (cf., bar-rim4).
[*pore >por =dust, dirt, ash; par-lag =unused, fallow land ]

pa-sa-lal-a
fa szl

a bundle of brushwood ('branch' + 'bundle' + 'to lift, carry; to bind' + nominative).
[ *puwe > fa =wood + szl (fa) =log + *alema > em-el =lifte ]

pa-TAR
fa -tr

cut-off branches/twigs ('branch' + 'to cut off'). {*w>blk}
[*puwe> fa=wood + tr=break]

pe-el(-l)

(cf., pil(2)).

pe-en-z-er
fuj-ni + szer

a functionary; hearth tender (?); leather worker (??)
('bellows' + 'to cut'; cf., metaphor in dg...zil).
[*puwe > fv/fj/f =blow + szel=slice or szel-ep=a valve for water or air ]
more likely fuj-ni +szer=a mechanism to blow, more properly fuv szer

pe
poc-ak
fesz-(l)
fiz-(et) ?

n., womb; [*p'e > fsz-ek=womb, bird's nest ]
palm frond; three
[GIR archaic frequency= 28; concatenation of 4 sign variants] (moist container + , 'placental membrane'; pa, 'leaf, branch', + e, 'many, much'; e5,6,16,21, 'three').
[*p'e > poc-ak=distended abdomen, pot belly , fesz- =stretched out ]
v., to expand; to be thick, wide. [*p'e > fesz =expand, stretch out, distended ]
adj., precious, valuable. [fiz-et =to pay???]

pe(7)
fi, fi

child; son.
[ *poyka > fi, fi =child, son, boy; fiatal=young ] {p>f/b }

p-(ŋi)gi

canebrake mouse or mole rat ('mouse' + 'reeds'). {t>s ? }
[pat-kny=rat + reed ] < origin not FU, as no other FU language has it.

p,
p

a type of edible mouse (probably derives from p, 'fig'). { t>s?}
pat-kny =rat the kny ending in animal names seems to indicate Turkic origin or influence of the word.

pe4,13
vics ?
fesz-

n., river pebble.
[ka-vics =pebble ] k(v) >ka =stone
v., to be pregnant; to conceive.
[*p'e > fesz-l=become distended, stretched out, fsz-ek=nest, womb]

pe5,6
po-k
fs
vs

n., deep breathing; scent;
spider [po-k =spider]; This is unusual for it kept or reverted back to a #p
combed wool, fluff
(cf., a(5), 'spider'). [ fs = comb ] {*p>b>f}
v., to breathe deeply;
to make an incision; [*wŋkse > vs =to hew, to cut ] {*w>p}
to pluck apart; to comb and clean wool.[fs=comb, fes-lik=to frey, come apart] *p>f

pe-mur7
fz + mez

a palm tree product ('palm frond' + 'ridge').
fz = willow tree, whose thin branches were used for ropes, and was woven;
The palm frond was somehow used also to weave fz a
kind of material mar which is mez=clothing in Hu.

pe-pe
fesz-it

very wide, spacious; physically handicapped (reduplicated 'womb; to expand; to be wide').
[p>f fesz-it =to stretch out ]

pi-il

(cf., pil(2)).

pil(2)
pi-l
pisz-ok
fl-ed

to be/make obscure; to be/make dirty, [ piszk =dirt] also Turkic
defiled, disgraced
(could refer to soot from bil,'to burn').
[*p>f fl-=to be hot, fs-t =smoke, pisz-ok =dirt,grime,filth]

pi-lu5-da

(cf., billuda).

PIRIN.TUR

(cf., nemurx).

priŋ
pir-os

bright.
[pir-kad =first rays of the sun; pir-os=red,]

piriŋ(3)

lion (poetic); light (bar6/7, 'to shine', + ng', 'thing') [PIRIG archaic frequency= 103; concatenation of 5 sign variants].
the lion was unknown in the north and a very late loanword from Iranian ? Turkic.

pi10, pe10; pex(KI.A)

shore, river bank. {?t>s}
pat-ak=brook {Patak is not FU}

pi10...tag
foj

to go aground (said of a boat) ('shore, river bank' + 'to touch, strike').
[ foj =flowtap(int) =touch]

pisan-dub
dob- (b)oz-

container for clay tablets (cf., ŋa-dub; la13-dub-ba) ('vessel' + 'clay tablet'). {metathesis?}
dob-oz =box, drum

pi-saŋ(2/3), pi-san(2/3)

(open) basket; box, chest; frame (bad/be, 'to open', + saŋ, 'head').
[ open+ *saNke =head, people, .. > Finn henki ]

PN nam-kr-re
PN nem-ker-(l)

'may person not change it' (na, prohibitive prefix + nasal , 'impersonal conjugation prefix', + -ib-, 'it', + 'to change' in mar form).
[ person nem =not + ker-l = comes about (from ker=circle)] >> doesnt come about > cant change/happen.

p
for-(s)

well, cistern, pool, fountain; depth [PU2 archaic frequency = 37].
[for-s=spring of water] trailing r >l lost.

p-l
forr-(s)

deep well ('well, cistern' + 'to be high; to hang, stretch, reach'). {r>l}
[
forr-s =spring ] {*p>f}

p-nŋ-ŋr(-/ak/)

pitfall ('well, cistern' + 'thing' + 'path' + genitive).

puniŋx

(cf., buniŋx).

pŋikiri6
foj + ker-t

irrigated orchard ('well, cistern' + 'orchard').
[foj=flow(?) + ker-t=garden < ker-it=to encircle ]

p
fj

pain; tightness; difficult circumstances (derives from pe4, 'to be pregnant').
[ fesz- =stretched out, frayed, taut..? > fj =hurts]

pu-h-ru-um

assembly (Akk. puhru 'assembly', cf., unkin).
[ per-(el) =a legal presentation of a case, a lawsuit ]

puzur
biz

(cf., buzur).
biz= to trust < ??be-zr=to enclose, close up???

r

(cf., re7).

r

(cf., ara4).

ra(2)-gaba

rider; courier (Akkadian rakbu).

ra(-g/h)
r
ir-t
r-ok
rak
rep-
-r

n., inundation [RA archaic frequency = 25]. [ *sre > _r =flood ]
v., to strike, stab, slay; to stir; [ ir-t =to cut down, destroy, exterminate ?, r-t= damage ]
to impress, stamp, or roll (a seal into clay); [ r =to write, r =to engrave, runic write ]
to branch out (from the side of a canal); to flood, overflow; [ r =flood, rok=irrigation ditch]
to measure; to pack, haul, [ ra-k =to pack, to pile on ]
or throw away (with -
ta-). [rppa > rep- =fling, fly, vibrate,shake wings ]
prep., dative suffix - for - denotes the animate being towards whom or in favor of whom an action is done.
[ -ra =to, onto, for ]

ra-ah
r-z

to strike repetitively [with a hoe];
to shake
('to strike' + h, 'many, numerous').
r-z =to shake {the formative suffix z is now fused with the verb and not considered separate.}

rap

(cf., (ŋi)rab).

ra-ra

to flatten;
to make wide
(reduplicated 'to stamp').

re7; ri6, r, ir10; e-re7; er, ir
r
jr
rep-(l)

to accompany, lead; [*ur-as =lead male >> ur =lord]
to bear; to go; to drive along or away; [*jorke > jr=travel, go about ]
to stir, mix [*rppa > rep, reb =shake, vibrate, flutter, fly, fling]
(plural hamtu
e.re7.er; cf., du, ŋin, sb).

ri
rep-it
r
r-ez
rv
rop-an
er-ed

r
ar-at
r-t

v., to throw, cast; throw away, sweep away [*rppa > rep, reb =fling, fly]
to place, pour, put into; [er-ed=originate, source of water/river, r=rivulet]
to place upon or against (with -
i-); to be located; [ -r=upon (locative suffix)]
to touch; [r=to reach, r-ez=to touch, sense]
to moor a boat; [rv=ferrry boat ]
to break open; to expel, remove, (with -
ta-); to emit; [ r, -rol=out of, off of (suffix)]
to beget; [er-ed=originate] ed=formative
to blow (said of a storm);
to inundate [r=flood] ; to exchange [r=cost,value];
to take; to gather, glean; [ar-at=to harvest]
to plan something [r-t =comprehend, understand, rt-ekez= group conference]
(
ri is hamtu form, ri-g is mar form, ri-ri-g is plural; cf., rig)
[RI archaic frequency = 1].
adj., far. demonstrative affix, that, those; regarding that [-ra =suffix for to a place]
(where the reference is to something outside the view of the speaker - over yonder).
[ -ra ara=that way, erre =this way, of this ]

RI

calendar month 5 at Umma during Ur III.

rib
r-f

to be higher in rank; to go away (Akk. rabbu).
[ r =upon, onto + f=chief, main. ] word order reversed

ri-ba
ri-(s) + f
Rabon Bn

enormous, supreme (Akkadian rabbu).
ri-(s) =giant + f=head,chief. Hungarian history has Rabon Bn =the chief military governors of the Szekler Hungarians of Transylvania, before the rpdian eastern Hungarian resettlement in 896AD. Bn is a Hun term.

rib-ba

enormous, supreme (Akkadian rabbu).

rg
r-vg /r-vg

mace, weapon (ri, 'to throw' + ug5,7,8, 'to kill'). {*w >blk}
[ rep=cause to fly, fling + vg=cut/vg=the end,death ]

rig; ri
rak?

to bring; to tend; to pull; to glean, pick (reduplication class)
[ ?? rak=to stack, pile ]
(flowing motion such as re7, 'to accompany, lead, drive along' + ig, 'door, entrance').

rig5,7
reg-s
r-k-(l)

n., list; temple ward, slave.
[reg-s = singers of cultic songs, form of shamans]
v., to deed, grant (see etymology of
sa12...rig7).
[r-k =eternal; r-k-l =to inherit.]

ri-ha-mun

(cf., im-ri-ha-mun).

RI-HU
er(ed) + *ku

bird breeder (?) ('to tend' + 'birds').
[*ku commonly found in old FinnUgor birdname endings, however the old common term for the generic term for bird is not known in FU, so it probably was originally KU, perhaps related to KEL=to arise??]

rim4

(cf., ka4).

rn[ERIM]
ragy-og
rag-ad

to be/make bright (reduplication class);
[ ra-d=flood, spreading light, ragy-og =shine brightly ] *ŋ >n/g
to attach, join, hitch (cf.,
rin, rn) (ara4; ar; r, 'bright', + to be high).
[rag-ad= to stick to , to glue]

ru
r
r-ni

n., present, gift [RU archaic frequency = 120].
[r=cost, r=worth, vaulable, r =saleable item]
v., to blow; to give; to send (cf.,
rg).
[ r=to arrive ]

r

(cf., d).

r
r

to be equal in size or rank.
[ r =reach a certain level, to mature ]

ru5
rgy

to send forth shoots, buds, or blossoms; to butt; to gore. {j >blk}
[?*ruj > rgy =bud ] *j>gy

rg [SU or NAM.SU]; ru

to restore; to replace; to pay back; to receive (reduplication class) (ru, 'to give; to send' + entrance).
[r-u=item for sale, r=price, r=value/ripen/become full grown ]

ru-g
rek-(esz)

to withstand; to oppose; to move in a direction opposite to; to face (cf., l-ru-g-da).
[ rek-esz-t =to build a wall against or to contain /isolate.
rsz = a portion of a whole, once referring to a separate ruled area ]

sa
*sene
st

n., sinew, tendon; cord; net; mat; bundle; string of a musical instrument
[
SA archaic frequency = 54; concatenates 2 sign variants].
[ *sene > _in ] Hungarian drops leading *s.
v., to roast (barley) (cf.,
si; sa). [ s-t =bake ]

s
sz
sze

n., advice.
[sz(l)=word, say]
v., to approach or equal in value; to compare with; to compete (with -
da-).
[sze=part of the word for comparing, sze + hason(lit) = to compare the total, to compare (together)]

a
asz

to dry up [A archaic frequency= 97].
[ asz=dry river bed, szr-az, szik =dry ]

(cf., ag4).

(-ge) ...guru7
sziv kr

all that one wants ('heart, stomach' ( + 'to the') + 'a large silo').
sziv=heart kr =ask for =what the heart desires.
Similarly sziv-es-ked =one who gives you what you desire, by being kind.

(-ge)... kr/kr
agy +ker-(l)

to change one's mind ('heart, will, mood' + ergative agent marker + 'to change').
[*saNke > _agy =brain,mind {*#s>blk} + ker-l =return, revolve, or come about ]

(-ge)...pd

to choose ('heart, stomach' ( + 'in the') + 'to find, declare').

...bala
szl .. boly-(ong)

to breed ('womb' + 'to revolve, deliver').
[szl =to give birth + boly-ong=revolve,wander] ong is a verbal frequentive formative.

...dab5

to be angry ('heart, stomach' + 'to grasp, clench').
[szv =heart + tap-int=touch ]

...dar

to be afraid ('stomach' + 'to slice', cf., n...dar).
[ has=stomack, belly + tr =to break ] t:r with long refers to a cutting, stabbing tool & weapon, a short sword.

...diri

to overeat ('stomach' + 'to exceed').
[ has =stomack, belly + tl =exceed {r>l}? ]

s...dug4/du11/e

to reach, arrive, overwhelm (often with -ni-); to provide regular offerings (reduplication class) ('to equal in value' + 'to effect').
[has(on)=similar + tenni=to do ] ?homonym? [hoz=to it +tal-(l) =find,reach ]

sa...gi4
szv .. jv

to prepare ('mat' + 'to restore' ?). {*w>blk}
[ szv =weave > sz nyeg =carpet {anyag>nyeg=material} + jv=come > ?return]

...huŋ

to pacify; to calm down the heart ('heart' + 'to rest').
[szv =heart + huny=close the eye,rest] [ szel-id =to pacific]

...k(-)
sziv ok-(ul)

to rest the heart; to make love to; to take counsel with (with -da-)
('heart' + 'to be tired; to care, worry').
[szv=heart + ok-ul=think about ? kus=a rude way to say lay low, sit, rest ]

...l
esz ..le

to (en)gorge, stuff ('stomach' + 'to extend, load').
[esz=eat or has=stomach, belly + le =down? ] =to eat down, eat completely

sa...lal/l

to stretch the net; to sweep; to tie with cords ('net' + 'to stretch').

s...s(-g/k)
szl..has(on)

to plot; to plan ('advice' + 'to apply; to compare').
[szl=to tell + hason=similar, compare ]

...ed7

to cool/soothe the heart ('heart' + 'to calm, cool down').
[sziv=heart + *s>h hid-eg=cold]

...sg
sziv..csonk

to be oppressed ('heart' + 'to strike, crush').
[szv =heard + csukor-od =be squatting, arms and leggs together or csonk =stump, cut down]

...sur

to have diarrhea; [sok =lots (of) szar=shit ]
to spawn eggs (said of a fish)
('intestines' + 'to expel a liquid').
[intestine + szr =to spread, toss (seeds) ]

.B
szl -ve

creation ('womb' + 'cow'). {l(V)# >blk}
[ szl =birth + ve =in a state of ]

s[DI]...DI

to evaluate ('value' + 'to judge').

sa10
has-on
vesz

to be equivalent;
[ has-on =similar, like on=adv suffix ] < has-it=to slice in two, where both parts at the cut are identical.
to buy (cf.,
sm). { #w> }
[ vesz =to buy, to take]

sa12

(cf., saŋ).

sa12-du5

read sa12-sug5 ?, from the Akkadian form assukkum).

sa12-sug5; sa12-su5[SAN-KU]; s-sug5

land register manager; registrar of deeds; librarian
('head' + 'to lay the warp of the land' ?, also read sa12-du5).

sa12-ti-umki
sg + eastern

the eastern mountains.
[ *ćukke > sg, sg =mound, hill + ? ] archaic term

sa4
szl

to name; to call by name. {*w> }
[*suwe > sz, szav =word, to call ]

a4, e13

(cf., su9).

sa5
? szin

n., red ocher. adj., red, red-brown.
[? szin=color, szin-es=colorfull ]

a5
szel

to cut, break (reeds).
[szel =to cut, to slice ]

sa6

(cf., sag9).

a6

(cf., sag9).

sa7
szp

well-formed.
[*seppa > szp =well formed, well made, pretty]

sa9[MA]
szel [ms]

half.
[*śala > szel =cut in two, szl =edge, boundary (cuts in two?) ] ms- =2nd, other, duplicate.

-a-bar-ra
szl +

bastard ('womb' + locative or 'seed' + 'to be foreign' + nominative).
szl=birth + ? + par-lag=referring once to outer lands, unused land, fallow.

ab (PA.IB)
k-zp ?
csap
szab

n., middle; stem (cf., sabad; dugab) [AB archaic frequency = 61; concatenation of 2 sign variants].
*k>h>? [ kzp =central, ksz-b=door sil "inbetween/central area" ]
v., to subtract, deduct; to bite off; to snip out, chip out; to fall out, disappear; to
[csap =to strike, hit, smack, smash]
apportion (lots); to gather up
(portion + divide).
[ szab =to cut out (of flat material like cloth, leather, whatever ]

sabad(2,3), sad2,3,4 [NU, NBAD, NSIG7 ]; ab, sab [PA.IB]
csip

hips, loins; middle (su, 'body', + bad, 'to open').
*p>b [ csip =hips, waist << csip = pinch (where the torso is narrower/pinched]

-bal-bal
szl ..bgy/ply

descendant, offspring ('womb' + reduplicated 'to revolve, deliver').
[szl=birth,born +pola=roundish,around ]

-bi-ta
szab - tl

There from; deducted from the state-bestowed capital debt
(usually precedes account of credit transactions followed by
zi-ga[-m]) ('contents' + 'its' + 'from').
[ szab =to cut out from, meg-szab-va=to do in accordance to an agreement, rule; szab-ly=rule; szab-ad=allowed ]

abra,apra[PA.AL]
csopor-t [f]

temple administrator; commissioner (ab, 'to gather up', + ru, 'to give') [ABRA archaic frequency= 1].
[csopor-t =a group (people or things) + f=head/main]

-da
sziv-(es-en)/el

voluntarily ('heart' + 'with').
[sziv=heart + es + en or sziv-el =gladly, voluntarily, with the heart ]

-diŋir-re-e-ne
esze+tndr-ek-nek

the (secret) will of the gods ('interior; will' + 'gods').
[ sz(el) =reasoning + tndr -=of godly beings + plural=ek ]
tndr now is used to mean fairies, but in past refered to the gods of the sun, moon, earth and others of the ancient religion. The esze normally is the last word in Hungarian morphology.

-dub-didli

recorded on an individual tablet ('contents' + 'tablet' + 'separate, individual').

-dg
sziv d(es)

a term for young animals ('heart' + 'sweet').
[*śiδ-me > sziv=heart + d-(es)=sweet or bol-dog =glad ], -es=adjectival marker.
however d-es-sg =sweetness, in referring to the young]
sg here is not the heart but the generic suffix -ness ]

s-dug4/du11

a capacity measure, = 24 sla in Presargonic Girsu and 40 sla starting with Akkad period; regular "tithe" or "offering" important to the temple economy ('to equal in value' + 'to effect').
{ I believe sad-ug also is the name of a reed hut thus linked to st-or}

sa-dr(-ra); E-dr-r/a
alsz-tr-e

low-lying end of a farmer's field ('?' + 'buttocks').
[als=lower ? asz=dried out river bed + tr =area of land, area ]

ag4,
szgy

n., intestines; gut; heart; stomach; abdomen; entrails; content; womb; body; interior, midst, inside; bed of a river; will, volition; mood; meaning, significance [szgy =chest of animals, inner organs ]
(grain/excrement + water/urine + chamber) [A3 archaic frequency = 137; concatenates 6 sign variants].
[ *sia-me >> sziv=heart, szgy =chest of animals << inner organs in FU ]
prep., in; at. [*siame > szgy =chest of animals, inner organs, heart, the heart is often associated with the center]

sag5

(cf., zg).

ag5
csonka, szel

to slaughter (a5, 'to cut, break' + ug5,7,8, 'to kill'). { #w>blk > ug }
[szel=cut + vg(ez)=end/kill or csonka =to cut back to a much smaller size, to be incomplete, paraplegic.

ag5

(cf., sag9).

sag9, ag5, sig6, sa6, a6
sziv-(es)
iz-(es)

n., good fortune; (divine) grace, favor. [szives =having a heart, kindly ; seg-it =help, helpfull ]
v., to be/make good; to please, satisfy; to be friendly (with dative or -
da-) (reduplicated in hamtu; sa6-ge in mar).
adj., sweet, good, pleasant; beautiful; fruitful
(sa7, 'well-formed' + ge(2,6), 'girl').
[ iz-es and id-es both meant sweet, lovely, cute, now only des is used ]

sag9-hul

both good and bad ('good' + 'bad').

-gada-lal
szv(et) + gatya

linen-clad ('midst' + 'linen' + 'to drape'; cf., -l-l).
[*śeŋe >sz =weave + *kuđje =cover>gatya =cloth>linen pants/underwear +lg=hang]

-ga-d
has + kt

belt ('stomach' + nominative + 'to mould, shape'). {k>g>h>blk}
has is also in Sumerian as abdomen, which is closer to its old meaning

[ has a =his/her stomach + kt =that which ties. ]

-gal

food, fodder, sustenance ('stomach' + 'enlarge').
esz =to eat + ?kel=need, must ?

agan, a-kan
szgy +hoz jn

a large jar for oil;
god of wild creatures
(ag4/, 'stomach, container', + gan, 'to bring forth') [? AGAN archaic frequency= 55].
[szgy =chest of animals + hoz=to it + jn =come ] It is presumed that the h was added to hoz.

agan-l

peddler, trader ('a large jar for oil' + 'to carry').

a-ga-ru
szke + rz

a kind of copper.
[szke =yellowish + rz=copper = brass ] much the same term is used today as srga=szke +rz =brass.

sa-gaz...aka
gaz(tet)

to rob (someone dative infix); to commit murder ('robber' + 'to do').
[gaz-tet=to do an evil act]

sa-gaz;
saŋ-gaz

highway robber ('head' + 'to smash').
[*saŋ > agy/hegy=head/peak + gyz=defeat; normally called gaz-ember=villain]

aggina, aggin, agina

military governor (ag4, 'guts', + gi-na, 'steady, reliable') [? AGINA archaic frequency= 1].
[ shogun/Japanese & Scythian & kagan / Altaic & Hun languages ]
*ćaŋke =head, point, chief >> szk =throne, chair + ig-az =truth, righteous, correct. ]

sagi [SLA.U.DU8]
seg-d/it

cupbearer (loan from Akk. aaq).
[ seg-it=help, seg-d=helper, attendant ]

-gi8[IGI]-guru6/7
seg-ly

a voluntary offering ('heart' + 'eyes' + 'to shine, be bright; grain heap').
[seg-it=to help, seg-ly=help for the needy]

-gig-ga
sziv -jaj

an aching heart ('heart' + 'to be sick, painful' + nominative).
[szv=heart + jaj=ow, hurts ]

-gi-na
szgy + ig-az/en

true heart; one's nature ('heart' + 'to be firm, true' + nominative).
[*śiδ-me >szgy=inner organs, heart + igaz= true ]

ah(2)
sikka /Finn

domestic pig (grain + water + numerous (offspring) - pigs efficiently turn feed into food) [AH2 archaic frequency = 39; concatenation of 3 sign variants]. [Finn sikka=pig, Hung sonka=ham ]

h(2)-bar-gn(-gn)-nu
sn

porcupine ('pig' + 'outside; fleece' + reduplicated 'dot, speckle').
[ "sn" =porcupine ]

h(2)-niga
sika

fattened pig ('pig' + 'fattened').
[sika =pig /Finnish + nagy=big /Hungarian ]

h(2)-ŋi-gi(4)

"bush pig" ('pig' + 'trees' + 'reeds'). [sonka =ham ]

h(2)-ŋi-gi(4)(-)-gu7-e
sn

porcupine ('bush pig' + 'it eats').
[sn=porcupine ]

ah(2)-
sika /Finn +f

pasture grazing pig ('pig' + 'plants, grass').
[sika=pig/Finnish + *pime >f_=grass,herb]

h(2)-z-da-bar-sur-ra

porcupine ('pig' + 'to cut' + 'to protect' + 'outside; fleece' + 'to spray out').

sa-hab

(metathesis of zipah).

sahar
szr-

silt, dust, sand, earth, mud, loam; rubbish; sediment (cf., ku7) (sa5, 'red-brown', + hara, 'crushed, pulverized').
[*śare >> szr-az=dry, szr-ad=dries ]

sahar si-ga

to pile up earth; earth piling ('earth, silt' + 'to fill, increase' + nominative).
I guess the normal unwatered earth was related to dryness by Sumerians.

sahar u-bal-a

to transport earth ('earth, silt' + 'hand' + 'to transfer, deliver' + nominative).

sahar u-ti-a

to collect earth ('earth' + 'to receive' + nominative).

sahar zi-ga

to remove earth or silt; earth moving ('earth, silt' + 'to tear out, deduct' + nominative).

sahar(-da)...gi4
szr(az) hoz

to turn into dust; euphemism for 'to die' ('dust' + 'to turn, return').
[szr(az)=dry + hoz=bring ]

sahar...dub
szr(az)..dob

to raise a cloud of dust ('dust' + 'to shake, agitate').
[szr(az)=dry +dob=toss up]

sahar...su(3)
szraz szr

to cover with dust or silt (redup. class) ('dust, silt' + 'to sprinkle, immerse').
[ szraz =dry(land) + szr=sprinkle, sow ]

sahar-ŋar-ra

volume ('earth' + 'to accumulate' + nominative) (cf., ki-l).

sa-hir

net; bundle (e.g., of straw) ('net' + 'produce, yield').

-hul...dm
sziv+hlye ..teni

to grieve ('heart' + 'evil' + 'to make').
[ szv =heart + hlye =crazy + tenni=to make ] m>n is common

-hul-gig
sziv +hlye + gg

hatred ('heart' + 'evil' + 'to be sick, painful').
[szv =heart + hlye=crazy + gg =pride, prejudice, ( hate in Finnish version) ]

-hl-la
sziv +huj-

delight ('heart' + 'to rejoice' + nominative).
[szv =heart + huj=shout of joy/ hla=gratitude + ja=genitive ]

-hl-la... dirig
sziv-huj ..terj-(ed)

to be overflowing with joy ('delight' + 'to exceed').
[szv=heart + huj=shout of joy/hla=gratitude + terj-(ed) =spreading <tr=area]

hz-eh-tur
sikka/Finn +tr-pe

small pig (phonetic spelling of h + 'small').
[sikka=pig /Finnish + tr-pe=small, dwarf ] more likely the term tur is from *dhur > gyer-(ek) =child and tur/Sumer.

-b-ba(-/ak/)

anger ('midst' + 'loins' + genitive).

akan

(cf., agan).

kan
csg+jn

official in charge of expenditures - comptroller (u, 'portion', + gan, 'to bring forth'; cf. also, aggina).
[csg = a remnant, to reduce + jn ] ? a deduction or a portion owed.
Hungarian jn >jv=come but jve-de-lem=income.

akan-k

basket weaver (?) ('large jar for oil', + 'to bind, wrap'). { t>s }
[ kan-cs =jug {metathesis} + kt=to bind,tie ] {tt>t} whereas VtV>z.

akar

milk jug (ag4/, 'stomach, container', + kir, 'cow').

-ka-tab
esz +ajk + dob

hunger ('stomach' + 'mouth' + 'to tremble; to make haste').
[ has=stomach, belly or esz=eat + ajk=lips, j=opening + dob=to throw ? dob(ol) = pounding, banging < *tumpe=drum ]

-ki-ŋa
sziv + kegy

a loving heart ('heart' + 'to love' + nominative).
[szv=heart & szgy=chest, inner organs + kegy=care/love]

sa-KU
*sina >in + ksz(it)

arms (rare meaning; cf., sa-dr) ('sinew, tendon' + 'to build ?').
[ *sina > _in =tendon or iz-om=muscle + ksz(it) =make, prepare ? kar=arm ] made of muscle/tendons

al

(cf., sal).

l

(cf., sla).

sal, al
*sle > _l
sz-k
szl-(es)
sly

n., uterus; vulva (narrow + numerous) [SAL archaic frequency = 435].
[*sle=sexual areas, lap >> _l ]
v., to be narrow, thin
[sz-k=thin,narrow; szl = narrow fiber, thread ],
wide, spacious; to spread;
[ szl-es=wide, spacious]
;
to persist; to belittle.
[ sly- =weigh (?down), sink ] perhaps to sink someones ideas.

-l-l
szv

clothed (cf., -gada-lal).
[szv =to weave, szv-et=cloth + l-t=to put on clothes, l-t-ny=a mans suit ]

SAL.GR

(cf., zeh).

-l-s(-d)
sziv-es
szila

merciful;
shepherdess
('heart' + 'to extend' + 'far').
[ szila =sheep (dialectical & uncommon) + szl =wide, width +t-en => being widely dispersed]

sa-li
szl

a type of lyre ('string' + 'true measure').
[szl =a thread, chord, filament ]

sm, m, sa10
szm (ol)

n., equivalent; (barter) purchase; sale price; merchandise
(Akk. loanword from mu(m), 'to buy, purchase', cf., Orel & Stolbova #2281 *su'um- 'sell, buy') [AM2 archaic frequency= 51].
[ szm =number, ( el + szm -ol ) = account for as in a transaction.
v., to buy (with -
i-); to sell (with -ra-, ablative) (sa10-sa10 in mar).

sa-ma(-a)-n
csoma

skin disease; grain diseases such as leaf rust (Akk. samaanu 'skin disease').
csoma =a nodule, the plagues nodule

saman(2,3)
csom

yoke, leash, or rope (for an ox).
[csom =a knot, nodule, lump ]

andana

(cf., santana).

-ne-a4
sziv(el) + sir

supplications ('heart' + 'this' + 'to grieve').
[ sziv-el=with the heart + sir =cries == cries/grieves from the heart ]

s-niŋ-in(2)
szij + nyug

part of a harness (?) ('guidance' + 'to halt; to turn round').
[szij=belt, harness + nyug=to stop, to rest, cease] = ?halter strap

sanŋa(2,3,4)

(cf., saŋŋa).

santana,
andana,
andan

herbalist, horticulturist, date orchard administrator {tin, til =life,cure}
(saŋ, 'head, human', + tin, 'to cure'; cf. also, 4, 'chills' and 6, 'to be hot') ANDANA archaic frequency= 3; concatenates 2 sign variants].
[ *čaŋke>_agy =head (of) + let {metathesis}=life +nv(ny) =plants] =the head of plant life

saŋ (an-)...l
*
čŋke .. *le(me)

to lift the head (towards heaven); to raise up ('head' ( + 'unto heaven') + 'to lift up').
[*čanke =head >agy + *le-me {metathesis} em-el =lift (metathesis occurred only in Hungarian) ]

saŋ u...aka
seg-(d) .. kap

to enslave ('slave' + 'to take captive').
[*čŋke->> seg-it=help>seg-d= helper >>?? Slave + kap=to grabb,receive & el-kap=to catch]

saŋ -a...ub
*
čaŋke +f(be)+ sj-(ed)

to hide ('head' + 'in the grass' + 'to drop').
[ *čaŋke =head > Finn henki + f=grass sj-(ed) =sink down ]

saŋ, sa12
*čaŋke
els, sz

head; point; leader; present, gift; slave; human, individual (s, 'to equal'; sa4, 'to name', + ŋe26, ŋ, myself) [SAG archaic frequency = 420]. [FU *čaŋke =head, soul, peak, human > -sg =collective (ethnic) suffix] ,
adj., first, first-class, prime.
[ szeg=the total, sz=all, everyone, els=first]
prep., in front. [*ćaŋke =head, peak, etc ; the head or peak is also associated with the first, prime, front]

saŋ...aka
seg-it

to care ('head' + 'to do').
[*čŋke =head, peak + ksz(it) =prepares], but seg-it =to help

saŋ...bala
*
čŋke..bolo-(gat)

to shake the head ('head' + 'to turn').
[*čŋke =head, peak bolo-(gat) =to shake, bot the head ] -gat =frequentive suffix, to do on and off repeatedly.

saŋ...bul
*
čŋke ..fj

to toss or shake the head ('head' + 'to blow', cf., saŋ...bala).
[*čŋke =head, peak fuj, fuv =blow]

saŋ...db
*
čŋkedob

to smash the head (often with -da-) ('head' + 'to knock down').
[*čaŋke=head/peak +dob=to toss]

sŋ...dug4/du11/e
szeny ..te-sz

to scatter (with -da- or -ta-) ('scattered' + 'to effect').
[szeny =litter +tesz=does] normally szeny-ez, using a formative.

saŋ...gi4
csonk-it
csuk

to topple; {kk >g}
[csonk-it =to cut down a tree to its stump csonk ] -it =formative, probably from tesz=to do.
to close
('head' + 'to send back').
[*ćukka >csuk=to close ]

saŋ...gd

(cf., saŋ-ki...gd).

saŋ...ha-za
čŋke..kez-(el)

to attach securely ('head' + 'to hold, grasp, retain'). { *k>g>h }
[*čŋke =head, peak + kez-el=handle, hold ]

saŋ...kal
*
čŋke..kel

to choose, prefer; to make foremost, prominent ('head' + 'to value').
[*čŋke =head, peak .. kel=need, to value ] desire or need (his) head/self.

saŋ...k
*
čŋke..kt

to attend to; to watch, guard ('head' + 'to bind'). {t>s}
[*čŋke =head, peak + kt =tie, bind ]

saŋ...ŋar/ŋ-ŋ
csin-l?
szeg-ni

to proceed; ?csin-l=to make, to do
to oppose (someone/something -
da-) ('the head' + 'to set').
szeg-ni =to oppose, to break with.

saŋ...s
*
čŋke>agy ..sze

to vie with (with -da-) ('head' + 'to compare').

saŋ...sal-la
čŋke?

to be silly (?) ('head' + 'to belittle').

saŋ...sar
čŋke ..ir-t

to shave the head ('head' + 'to crop ?').

saŋ...s/s-(g)

to entrust; to take care of; to pay attention ('head' + 'to apply; to surround').

saŋ...sg

to tremble; to move the head from side to side (with -da-) ('head' + 'to shake').

saŋ...sum

to hurry towards ('head' + 'to give').

saŋ...tm
els..tem(et)

to defame ('first position' + 'to carry away').
[*edhe >el-s=first + tem(et) =burry or teni=to put.

saŋ/sa12...rig7

to donate, bestow, grant, give as a present (with -ni- and -ri-)
('present, gift' + 'to deed, grant', where these meanings derive by back-formation from this compound which derives from Akkadian araakum).

saŋ2/3
szeny

to scatter; scattered (to multiply; to spread + to mete out).
[ szeny = litter, mess ] ŋ>ny

saŋ5

(cf., zg).

aŋa, e29, he5
[LKR, L-KR]
csuk

captive (tied up with a rope e; cf., l-e).
[*ćukka > csuk =to enclose, lock up ]

saŋa11, saŋ11, siŋ18[KIN]
szed, szel

to cut, break, harvest.
[ *sala > szel =cut, slice; sze-d =to pick, harvest fruits ] ?ŋ>

saŋ-a-ki-ta
sek-ly + hely-i

lower end of a field ('head' + 'water' + 'to be lower' + nominative). kk>ŋ
[
*čokka >>sek-ly=shallow, low lying +*ku >hely=place/location/where? + i=of/from]

-ŋl
sziv nl

what is in one's heart, i.e., the heart's desire ('heart' + 'to dwell').
[sziv=heart +nl =-at, locative case ]

saŋ-an-na
sg-on

upper end of a field ('head' + 'to be high' + nominative).
[*ćukke >sg=hill + on=upon,on] *ŋ>n/g

saŋ-apin(-na)

plow guide ('head' + 'plow' + genitive).

s-ŋar
szl ..kr(l)

adviser, counselor ('guidance' + 'to halt; to turn round').
[szl=say, tell + kr-(l)= around]

aŋar

hunger (cf., -ŋar).
[esz=eat + h=hunger??? ]

-ŋar

hunger ('stomach' + 'to deposit', cf., aŋar).

-ŋar...tuku

to be hungry ('hunger' + 'to have').

saŋ-du
*
čŋke +tesz

head ('head' + 'to walk').
[*čŋke =head + te-sz=does ]

saŋ-d
szg

triangle ('head' + 'shape').
[*čeŋke =wedge, spike, nail, pointed >>szeg]
[ * čŋke =head,man,spirit,warm >> sg=collective suffix in Hu, but other langs have other meanings also]

saŋ-du nu-tuku
*
čŋke +tesz nem tke

idiot, a term of derision ('head' + 'not' + 'to have').
[*čŋke =head> agy=brain +nem=not + tke=possesion,stock]

saŋ-dub
*
čŋke tbla?

regular worker ('head' + 'tablet-recorded').
[*ćaŋke=head/person ] +tbla=sign

saŋdulx[U+SAN]
csk

hat, headdress (saŋ, 'head', + dul, 'to cover, protect').
[csk =peaked soldier cap, hussar hat > English shako comes from Hungarian]

saŋ-DN

(cf., sa12-du5, assuk).

saŋ-n...tar
_agy-al ?

to notice ('head' + 'to investigate').
[*čŋke > agy =head,brain >> agyal =to mastermind, to figure out + ?tr-d=interested, care about

saŋ-n-tar
*
čŋke ..

overseer; guardian ('head' + 'to investigate; to take care of, handle').

saŋ-gaz...aka
*
čŋke-has..og

to slay ('head' + 'smash' + 'to do'; cf., sa-gaz).
[čŋke >agy =head,brain + has-(it)=cuts og=does ] =agy(at) has(it)-gat or agy(at) has-og.
it rather than og is commonly used in this case, but there is no reason for using one or the other.

saŋ-g-ne(-/ak/)

cupbearer (loan from Akk. aaq).

saŋ-kal-(l)
*čŋke + kell

foremost; leader ('head' + 'excellent').
[*čŋke =head + (el)kell =prominent, important person, kel=valued,needed]

saŋ-keda/k ...aka

to pay attention (with -i-); to admonish
('head' + 'to fasten' + 'to do', cf., ŋizzal...aka).
[*čŋke >head/peak > agy=mind/brain +kt-el-ez=to tie down/to bind/ to require]

saŋ-ki
*čŋke +hom-(lok)

forehead ('head, point' + 'place').
[*čŋke =head + *ku-ma- > hom-lok =forehead, curved]

saŋ-ki...gd

to get angry (with someone -da-) ('forehead' + 'to lengthen').

saŋ-ki-gud
sg-helyi -gulya

trapezoid ('head, point' + 'location' + 'bulky like an ox').
[*ćukke >sg =peak,point,hill +*kila=dwelling>place >>hely=place/town +*kudhe>gulya=cattle]
however szg is also angle in geometry!

saŋ-KU

(cf., sa12-su5).

saŋ-kur-ra

a foreign slave ('slave' + 'foreign land' + genitive).

saŋ-men
_agancs - menyei

head-crown (cf., men-saŋ).
The Sumerian crown is unique in that it is believed to connect heaven and earth because it was given by god. The same is true of the Hungarian holy crown. It is not a crown used in daily events but only as a crown for initiation into kingship. It is required element of becoming a king, rather than the anointing which is common in Judeo-Christian kingship.
[*čŋke >ag-ancs =crown of horns + meny=heaven >> heavenly crown ] The term crown is tied to horns.

saŋ-m
*seg-(d) +n/emse

female slave ('head; slave' + 'female').
[ segd n =female assistant ]

saŋ-nŋ-gur11[GA]-ra(-ak)
*čŋke-anyag-hal(om) rak(s)

capital on hand ('in front, at first' + 'what' + 'piled up' [ + genitive]; saŋ and 'capital' refer to the 'head' of an accounting column in different languages).
[*čŋke =head, peak + anyag =thing + hal-(om) .. rak(s) =stock-stack/pile?collection of ]

saŋ-nitah
seg-(d) + male

male slave; (grown) man ('head; slave' + 'male').
[*čŋke>seg-d =helper/apprentice]

saŋŋa(2,3,4), sanŋa(2,3,4)

a sprinkler, used for ritual cleaning; economic director of a temple or occupation (such as all the smiths)
(saŋ, 'head', + ŋar;ŋ, 'to store') [SANGA archaic frequency= 530; concatenates 3 sign variants].

saŋ-ŋi6(-ga)

black-headed people; Sumerians ('head' + 'black' + nominative; cf., dumu-gir15/gi7 and ki-en-gir15/gi7(-r); ki-en-gi(-r)).
[the term black or dark in reference to people typically referred to the common worker class in various languages including FU "por" >> Hu em"BER" =people,man vs the ruling class "ur or mos >magyar"]

saŋ-ŋi...ra
*
čŋke gesz(t)..rt

to kill, murder ('head' + 'wood tool' + 'to strike').
[*čŋke =head + geszt =wood + r-(t)=hurt,damage ]

saŋ-ŋim

bow of a boat ('head' + 'boat').

saŋ-rib

(cf., saŋ-kal-(l)).

saŋ-rig7

gift; dowry.

saŋ-sig...ŋar

to bend or lower one's head (before someone/something -i-)
('head' + 'small, weak' + 'to place').
[*čŋke =head + szeg-ny=poor,weak + place ]

saŋ-sig-ga
čŋk + csuk

head-covering ('head' + 'small' + nominative).
[*čŋke =head/person/spirit +*ćukka > csuk=to close, lock ]

saŋu
si-sak
csk

helmet, cap, headdress (saŋ, 'head', + /, 'to cover') [SAGU archaic frequency= 14].
[si-sak =helmet, csk =military hat ]

saŋ-u4
si-sak

cap ('head' + 'to cover').
[si-sak =helmet, csk=pointed military hat]

SAŋ-SUG5

(cf., sa12-sug5, assuk).

saŋ-sum-sikil

bulb of garlic ('head' + 'garlic').
[*čŋke=head + *čolme>csomo=bulb ]

saŋ-tag, santak(2,3,4)
szeg +tag

triangle; (written) wedge; single (saN, 'head', + tag, 'to hold').
[*ćukke > > szeg =peak, wedge, triangle, point, angle in geometry, tag=a member,part of a set]

saŋtux[U+SAN]
csk

hat, headdress (saŋ, 'head', + tu, 'to reside, sit').
[csk =pointed military hat ]

saŋ-ur-saŋ
*
čŋke +*uras

eunuch; royal attendant ('head or slave' + 'warrior').
[*ćaŋke =head/spirit +*uras >ur=leader>sir/lord/man]

saŋ-s
_gy(el)

constant; to be available; to care for something's maintenance ('point' + 'to be moored to').
čŋke >agy =brain ? >gy=a case > gy-el =to be directing or keeping eye on a task.

s-pa

part of a harness (?) ('guidance' + 'branch; wing').

sa-par4;
si-par4
csuh + ?

a type of net ('net'/'to fill' + 'to stretch out').
[*ćuje >> csuh=type of fishnet] j>ų

sr

(cf., r).

ar

(cf., sar, ar).

sar, ar
_r, _r
zavar
_ir-am

n., vegetable(s) [SAR archaic frequency= 102; concatenates 3 sign variants]. {l>r} zl-d=green, vegetable
v., to insert, [*śurwa > szur=prick, stabb, ?tattoo]
enter; to begin; to write; [*sir > ir, r =write]
to pay, deliver punctually; to disturb someone [zavar =disturb];
to drive (with -
ni-); to drive, chase away [zavar=chase away ] (with -ta-);
to make hurry, run [ _ir-am=speed]
(to be skilled, precise + flowing motion; for 'to drive away', cf., s, 'to follow, drive', but meaning probably derives from the act of chasing vermin from the vegetable garden, cf., kar for such a progression from the noun to the verb).
adj., driven out, pursued.

sar, ar

a surface measure, 'garden plot' = 1 square ninda = 60 surface shekels = 1/100 iku = 4 square reeds = 144 square cubits = 36 meters2; a volume measure of one square ninda times 1 k = 144 k3 = ca. 18 cubic meters = 1,0 gur [= 60 gur] of capacity = 1,0 gn in weight.
ezer =1000 ? ser-ken=the sprouting of plants.

r, sr
szer-(te)
ser-eg

n., totality, all; world; horizon; ball, counter, token; the number 3600 = 602 (many, much + r, 'ring, coil'). [szer-te =in all directions, ezer=1,000 (also in Iranian hezar) however FU originally was a 6 based system of counting like old Sumerian, see hence sus=60, Hu szz=100 ]
v., to be many; to multiply or mix (with -
da-);
to make abundant; to slaughter; to request, implore (reduplication class).
[SER-eg =an army, a multitude, also in Turkic SARIG ]
adj., numerous; innumerable. [ ezer=1000 ] also Iranic hezar

ar8 [NI]
*sre > r-t

to interpret, explain.
[*sre >> sense, know>> s- > _r-t =understand, comprehend, r-ez =sense, feel ]

a-ra
szor-(oz)

syllabic spelling for r-ra, 'numerous'.
[szerte=in every direction, szor=multiply]

a-ra(-g)
szr-(ad)

to dry up, wither ('to dry up' + 'inundation').
[*śare >> szr-( ad) = to dry]

a-ra-ab-du

(cf., r-ra-ab-du).

aran;arin
serke

tick, bedbug (r, 'to be numerous', + in, 'straw').
[ ser-ke =louse]

ardi, arŋe
[RDI]; argalx
[RGAL]

'216000'.
[ezer+tiz => tiz + ezer =10,000 in the decimal system, instead of the old hexidecimal system] According to this "dis" is not 1, as claimed elsewhere.

sar-KASAR-KASAR

a vegetable.
{r>l} zld =green, >> zld-sg =greens, vegetables.

r-ra-ab-du

a temple official (from Akkadian arru, 'king', + abdu, 'slave').

r-ra-s-sa

body guard (from Akkadian arru, 'king', + 'to follow' + nominative; cf., ŋa-s, 'policeman').

sa-sa
iz

roasting, burning; reddish (reduplicated 'to roast (barley)').
[iz =glowing coal, hot ] also Altaic

sa-...DU
s-t

to roast ('to roast (barley)' + 'for the sake of' + 'to go').
[*c^itta > st, s-l =bake + *sente>ed=grain]

-...gd
sziv-es..hez

to bear in mind ('heart' + 'concerning' + 'to measure').

-sig-ga
sziv- szeg-ny

a depressed heart ('heart' + 'low, small, weak' + nominative).
sziv =heart szegny =poor, also a way of consoling. my poor xxx

assuk
[SAN-GN]

registrar of deeds.

-su-ga
szik- szk

dry river bed ('river bed' + sug4, 'to lay bare, empty' + nominative).
[sek-ly=shallow, low & szik=dried out + szk=insufficient, tight, needy ]

-s-ga
has..szk

hungry; starved; without recompense ('stomach' + 'empty' + nominative).
has=stomach + szk=tight, insufficient, needy.

sa--u-gal

huge net ('cord, net' + /, 'to cover' + ŋ).

-tam

credible, trustworthy; administrative director, commissioner ('heart' + 'to be polished').

sa-tu

mountain; upper parts (Akk. ad(m) I, 'mountain(s)'). Semitic loan word

-tm

field, acre ('womb' + 'to be suitable; to prepare; to obtain').

-tur

womb ('insides' + 'child').

-uru(-/ak/)
[szgy + vr ]

town center ('interior, midst' + 'town' + genitive).
[?szgy=chest,inner + *ware > vr=guard post>fort>city]

-zi-ga
sziv +*salke > _ll

excitement ('heart' + 'to rise up' + nominative). {lk>k/g}
[*śiδme>sziv=heart +*salke>ll =stand up ]

sa-ZI-ZI-a; sa-ZI-ZI-

a trawling (?) net ('net' + 'to take out, extract' + locative or terminative suffix).

-zu
szlsz

midwife ('womb' + 'to know'). {*l>blk}
[szl=give birth/birthing + sz=suffix of professions]

e
(mag) sze-m
*nte >> _ed_

n., barley; grain; [szem=eye, grain seed, grain size]
a small length measure,
barleycorn = 1/6 finger = 1/30 cubit = 1.67 centimeter in Presarg.-OB period; as a surface area measure = 432 square linear barleycorns = 12 square fingers; as a volume measure = 1/180
gn = 1/3 gn-tur = 1 2/3 sla = 360 cubic fingers = 1/10800 sar = approx. 1.667 liters; 1/180 of a gn or shekel of silver = ca. 0.0463 grams (cf., e-ga/ge)
[
E archaic frequency = 639; concatenates 3 sign variants].
[ *nte >> _ed =grains >, nt>d]
demonstrative affix, may indicate 'there' within the view of the speaker. [ -hoz =to ]


szak

n., portion [E3 archaic frequency = 152]. {-ke# >blk}
[ szak =a portion, a piece of the whole, a member, member of a group, member of a guild/a profession]
prep., to, unto, as far as, up to; [ -hoz =to, up to locative suffix ]
as regards, concerning; because of, for the sake of; until
(terminative suffix and in Old Sumerian period terminative prefix).

e gud(-r) gu7
*nte+guly-ra+kaja

grain spent as oxen feed ('barley' + 'bull, ox' ( + dative) + 'to feed'). {nt>d>l>blk?} {dh>d}
[*nte >_ed_ =grain + gulya=cattle +ra =for + kaja=food ] {# >blk} {nt>d} {dh>l}

e ŋi...ra
(-an/ah)

to thresh grain by beating with a flail ('grain + 'stick' + 'to strike').
[grain + gesz-t=wood,tree + rz-ni=to shake ]

e ŋi--a
(mag)szem geszt-tl

harvested grain that has just been threshed and only roughly measured with a stick ('grain + 'stick' + 'to exit from' + nominative).
[ (mag) szem=small seed + gesz-t =tree/woods + tl=away from ]

e...d

to clean barley after winnowing ('barley, grain' + 'to pour').

e...

(cf., e ŋi--a).

e...l
*nte *le-me

to carry grain; to winnow grain ('grain' + 'to lift').
[*nte=grain + *le-me=lift]

e...ŋar

to sow barley; to buy with barley ('barley' + 'to deliver, deposit').

e...a4

to moan ('grain; tiny' + 'to mourn').

e...ub
__ csap

to thresh grain by beating ('barley' + 'to throw').
[*ćappe >> csap =to strike, to hit ]

e...su-ub
__..szop

to harvest barley ('barley' + 'to suck').
[szop =suck ? sze-d =to pluck, to pick ] internal p often lost or changes to v in Hu

e...s
__ z

'treading' by animals as a way of threshing grain ('barley' + 'to drive; to follow').
[z=to drive,chase, visz=to carry or to take along]

e...zil-zil(-la)

to dehusk barley ('barley' + reduplicated 'to peel').

e10
szar

excrement, dung.
[ szar=shit ]

e10...dr
szardur(an)

to fart ('excrement' + 'to break wind').
[szar=excrement + dur-an=a poping, farting noise ]

e17

(cf., sed4).

e25/e26...gi4

(cf., sig4...gi4).

e29[LKR,
L-KR]

(cf., aŋa).

e4

(cf., sed).

e6

(cf., 6).

e7

(cf., ŋ).

e8

(cf., ).

e-ba
(mag) szem-fl

barley rations distributed by the administration of the temple, palace, etc.
('barley' + 'portion, rations').
[szem =a small seed + fl=half, share ]

e-ba
hiba

to be careless, negligent (cf., ub; ab, 'to fall, disappear').
[hiba=mistake, flaw] {*s- >h}

-ba-an

a measure for fish ('portion' + 'a measure'; cf., ba-an).

e-bal

barley lost in processing; grain tax ('barley' + 'to demolish').

e-bi

value-equivalence in barley (used as a standard) ('barley' + 'its').
zab-i =of oats < Turkic

e-br-ra

grain released for transport, storage, and further distribution ('barley' + 'to open, release').

sed(4,5,6), ed7,10,11,12, e4,5,17,18,23

n., cold water; coolness (si, 'to fill up', + d, 'to go out').
[ *sedh =cold brook > gy =small river, {s>h} hid-eg=cold]
v., to cool down; to repose; to be calmed, quieted; to pacify; to abate, subside.
[ *sedh=cold brook > hid-eg=cold, hl =to cool]

e4

(cf., sed).

ed7,10,11,12

(cf., sed(4,5,6)).

e-dur

caterpillar cocoon (e, 'rope', + dr, 'dwelling').

e-er...ŋl
*najer + kl

to have authority (Emesal dialect for nir...ŋl).
[*najer=king/Ugor +(el)- kl,kell=prominent/important people

e-er; e-er-e-er; e-er-zi

shine, light, glimmer (syllabic spelling of r, 'to shine brightly'). {l>r }
[csil =shine, glimmer, shimmer ]

e-er-gu/kum
szr(az)-gym-(lcs)

a long string of dried fruit (probable syllabic spelling of Semitic root, 'to lace, interweave').
[? szr-(az)= dry + gum=nodule & gym-lcs=fruit] also Turkic jemis=fruit

e-er-ka-an
...dug4/du11/e
szr + k-es +teni

to cover with; to adorn (with -ni-)
(r, 'to be many' + gn, 'to decorate with colors' + 'to effect').
szor=times,multiply & szerte=everywhere + k-es=decorated + ten =to do

e-er-tab-ba

haystack, cornstack; a type of reed fence
(r, 'to be many' or zr, 'sheaf' + 'to bind, join' + nominative).

eg4
*skse > sz

frost; cold shudder, chills.
[*ago =cold in Altaic] [*skse >> :sz =fall time in FU]

eg8/9
*ćakka

snow; ice (cf., sigga).
[ *ćakka =drifting ice ]

e-ga/ge

favorite; to be obedient; to obey; to agree (with -i-) (cf., s(g), sig10).
??sege > ig-en, ig-az {verify protoword spelling}

e-GAZ
(mag) szem+gz(ol)

crushed barley ('barley' + 'to crush').
[*nte >ed=grain or szem=small grain + gz-ol=to trample, to run over ]

e-gibil
(mag)szem + kibuj

new grain ('grains' + 'new, fresh').
[ *nte > _ed =grain; *nt>d, *> + kibuj =to come out of hiding, to come out of the ground ]

e-gub-ba
(mag)szem+gubaszt

barley deposit ('barley' + 'to stand, set' + nominative).
[*nte >ed=grain + gub-asz-t=to stay & sit with arms and leggs close to the body]

e-GUD
*nte +gulya

einkorn wheat ('grain' + 'robust like a bull').
[*nte >grain + gulya=cattle *δ>l]

e-gu-nu

fine grains, good crops, late barley ('grains, barley' + gunu, 'load' ?).

e-gur10-ku5

(cf., e-saŋ11-ku5).

e-li

pine or juniper seeds ('grain corn' + 'juniper').

e-lum-lum

barley sprouts ('grain corn' + 'juniper').

e-Lsar

coriander ('grain corn' + 'man or many') [ELU archaic frequency= 28].

em3,5(zabar)
zene

tambourine (halhallatu drum in Akkadian) (many + me, 'functions'). {?? zabar refers to something copper/brass }
zene =music

em-bi
csin-(os)

kohl; antimony (as makeup).
csin-os =attractive person {m>n}

e-mu(5)

bitter grain ('grain' + 'bitter').

n
szeny

verdigris.
szeny =littered, dirty etc.

en[SUA]
csilan, ?szin

n., a copper pan, pail, vessel; mirror (?) (liquid + stone) [ csil-an =to shine, twinke >>reflect ]
[
EN archaic frequency= 66; concatenates 4 sign variants].
adj., clear, pure; polished, shiny. [*ćelke >csil-an? to shine/twinke/reflect light l>ų?]

e-namuen

(cf., sim, snmuen).

enbar

a type of wild boar (?); Mesopotamian fallow deer (?) (eg9, 'boar', + bar, 'foreign').

en-en

combat, strife (reduplicated 'mirror' or 'shield' ?).

e-numun
(mag)szem +nemz

seed ('grain' + 'seed').
[szem=small seed + nemz =to fertilize, cause to be born > to seed ]

3,7, e7
esik

rain; to rain (u, 'to pour' + to mete out).
[ esik = raining, es=rain ]

6, e6, e6
szik-

to heat, cook, bake, boil; to be hot; to dry a field (redup. class) (a, 'to dry up' + to mete out)
[Ugrian *it >>s_-t =bake, sunshine, szik- =to dry out ]

e-ŋar

barley delivery ('barley' + 'to deliver, deposit').

e-ŋi-, e--ŋi

sesame seeds; sesame oil ('grain' + 'tree' + 'oil').

r, r

to shine brightly (cf., sr) (Akkadian loan from araapu(m), 'to burn'). This is much the same as ZAL in Sumerian. {l > r}
[*ćelke >> csil-og=shines, twinkles >> star]

r, r

n., decision. v., to bind; to decide (e, 'rope', + ur, 'to surround').
[*sre > r-t =understand, sense]

er7-da

capital offense; crime; blame; punishment.

e-ri-ga

gleaned grain ('grain' + 'to bring').

erim(2), erin, srim

a part of the loom - either the harness or the heddle [TAG archaic frequency= 48 ?; concatenates 7 ? sign variants].
[csr-z =to spin ] -im=deverbal suffix.

erim-sur

caterpillar cocoon (erim, 'part of a weaving loom', + zar/sur8, 'to exude; to spin [a cocoon]').

es

(cf., e).

e(2,4)

to anoint; to rub; to erase; to be dense (reduplication class) (reduplicated e, 'to anoint')
[
ERIN=E4 archaic frequency= 105].

e,
ses
ss

n., myrrh (reduplicated e, 'to anoint').
v., to taste bitter. [ss =salty, brackish, iz =taste]
adj., bitter, brackish.

e,
es
*ses > _cs

brother; brethren; colleague [URI3=ZATU-595 archaic frequency= 77; concatenates 2 sign variants].
[Ugrian SES =brother, sister Hungarian cs=younger brother / szz=virgin ]

e2,3,4

to weep, cry; to mourn; to wail (reduplication class) (to become moist ?).

e-sa

roasted barley ('barley' + 'to roast').

e-saŋ(11)-ku5
(mag)
szem + szed +kasz(l)

harvest ('grain' + 'to harvest ?' + 'to cut').
[(mag) szem=small grain + szed=pick + kasz-l =cut with a sicle?scye]

e-bn-da

younger brother ('brother' + 'young, junior').
[*eće =young brother > cs; śeś =virgin girl >szz =virgin ]

E-dr-r/a

(cf., sa-dr(-ra)).

e-gal

older brother ('brother' + 'large').

si
szaru
s-gr
*salke > ll

n., horn(s) ; antenna(e) [szaru,szarv=horn, antenna (of a bug)];
line; ray(s); light; [ s-gr =light beam "gar" =strong.]
plowland (cf.,
sig5) [SI archaic frequency = 417]. [szeg=wedge shaped plot of farmland] [szn-t=to plow ]
v., to stand upright; to be straight; to be in order; to become completely still.
[ s> *salke > _ll =stand, upright, stationary/ _ll-and=eternal ]

adj., regular, normal.

i
-hoz

contrapunctive modal prefix;
terminative prefix after Old Sumerian period (cf.,
).
[ - hoz =locative suffix, "to" ]

s, s

(cf., sig10).

si...s

to do something in the right way; to make straight; to put in order; to tune (an instrument); to prepare, get ready; to yoke (often with -ni- or bi-) (redupl. class) ('straightness' + 'to equal').

si...si-s
*salke>llsor(ba)

to assemble in order, to march in line. [*salke >> _ll + sor=a line]

SI.A

(cf., dirig or (gi)uub).

si; su; sa; sa5
sp-(ed), sly-(ed)
sok
csug-(ed)

v., to fill up; to fill with (with -da-);
to survey a field;
to inundate; [sp-ed=to sink into, sly-ed=to dip, sink down]
to be full; to be sufficient, enough [??sok=much,many]
to increase; to compensate, [szok=much]
repay, replace;
to grow weak (probably reduplication class) [*ćune - =to get old, tired, wilted etc]
(cf.,
sum, sug6, rg, sig, sig5).
adj., suitable, fit.

si14
cssze

a small pot.
cssze =cup; csempe =to do with ceramics, pottery.

si4, su4, sa11

red [SI4 archaic frequency = 116; concatenates 5 sign variants]. [szin-es=colorful ]

si4-lum
szin(es) lomb

a garden plant ('reddish' + 'to grow luxuriantly').
[szin- + lev(l) =leaf, lomb=leafy branch ]

ib, ip

exorcism.

si-BD-na
g FED-

top of the sky ('straight up' + 'to ascend' + nominative).
*pente, pentele >> fed =to cover, fed=a cover,roof ; fedl=roof

id, ed

(cf., ita5).

id3,4,5

(cf., ita(4)).

idim, itim, idi[GIM]
csat, cs

architect, mason (id3,4,5, 'to bind', + dm, 'to build, make') [IDIM archaic frequency= 35].
[ *ćitte > csat =to tie together; cs=(house) builder; szv =weave (finn siotta)] -im=deverbal suffix.

si-dug
?_tok

ravine; pit; pitfall; trap (si, 'to be straight, narrow', + dug, 'vessel').
tok =a container, vessel

sg

(cf., siki).

sg ga-zum-aka(-a)

carded wool.

sg...dug4
/du11/e

to be destroyed ('stroke, blow' + 'to apply').

sig...ŋar
sek-(ly) .. ker(l)

to prostrate onself ('low' + 'to set').
sek-ly =shallow ?low + ker-l =become

sg...pe5

to card wool ('hair, wool' + 'to comb and clean').

sig; si(-ga)
sek(ly) zsenge

adj., low; late; small, narrow; weak (cf. si-ga as noun, verb, and adjective in compounds) [SIG archaic frequency = 66].
[ *čokka > sek-ly = shallow, low, dried out; zsenge =young/weak, new growth ]

sig10, s, s
sik
csuk
sik-l
szeg-ly
has-on

to apply, place, set, put in; to engrave;
to make flat, even; [ sk =flatlands ]
to subject, subdue; [csuk=to lock up]
to sweep along; [sik-l =scrub]
to do, cause; to surround; [szeg-ly =periphery, outer edge]
to compare; to match (cf.,
sum, sig3) [has-on ?] metathesis or prefix > suffix.
(combination of meanings such as; sux, 'to spread', sig3, 'to knock down', and s, 'to compare').

sig14[KALI]..gi4

(cf., sig4...gi4).

sig17 (GI)
szke

the color of the low or setting sun = reddish yellow or gold (cf., sig).
[ szke =yellowish, sug-r =sunbeam]

sig3,10,11,18,
sag2,3, s, s
szek-erce
csg ?
zg
zuz
szed
sug

n., stroke, blow. [szeg = a pointed, sharp object, tool, etc; szek-erce= wood ax ]
v., to chop down (trees); to strike, hurt, damage;
[*čuŋke =stump, knot, remnant>csg, csonk]
to beat (rhythmically, for instance a drum); [zug =loud resonant sound ]
to (make) totter, shake, quake; [szk-en =to hop or pop up] [zg=loud resonant sound]
to demolish, raze; to flatten, crush; [zu-z]
to remove, doff; [sze-d=pick, pluck, take ]
to become still, settled
(si, 'to stand upright' + ug5,7,8, 'to kill'; cf., sug5). [sug=whisper]

sig4
szik

sun-dried unbaked brick; brickwork; wall(s) [? SIG4 archaic frequency = 2].
[*čokke =shallow, dryed out > sekly=shallow, szik =dried out by the sun ]

sig4; sig14; e25; e26...gi4

to resound; to shout; to howl (reduplication class) ('walls' + 'to answer').

sig4-b
tgla -fl

half-brick ('brick' + 'cow' = 'cow pat').

sig4-al-ur5-ra

kiln-burnt brick(s) (cf., zi-ur5, 'coal').

sig4-ane... gub

to stack a brick pile ('brick' + 'donkey' + 'to set').

sig4-ba
tek-n-s bka

turtle shell (?) ('brick; wall' + 'turtle').

sig4-bhar
(-ra)

baked brick (?) or potter's brick(?) ('brick' + 'potter' + genitive).
[ bog =lump of (clay or other earth) >> bogr-cs=kettle pot, bgre=cup,drinking glass+je/e=genetive]

sig4-gi4-a
sik-(it)

roaring ('to resound' + nominative).
sik-it =to scream

sig5, sag10
izes~des

(to be) mild, sweet, good; of fine quality
[izes~des=sweet, good taste (eating or otherwise)]
(narrow, fine + throat for eating).

sig5,9; eg5; si
sug
sk-et

n., silence. [ sug =whisper, talk in whispers, sk-et=deaf ]
v., to stay silent; to silence
(si, 'to be still' + throat for vocalizing).

sig7, se12(-g), sa7(-g)
szl
szp
szed
szid
szke

v., to let live; to create; to live; to dwell; [ *śente > sd > szl =give birth ]
to complete;
to be/make pleasant or beautiful; [*śepp >>szp=beautifull]
to garden; to pull out weeds; to tear out; [szed =to pluck, to pick]
to complain (in meanings 'to live', plural stem of
tl) [szid=to curse, complain]
(si, 'upright stalks' + g, 'to water') [SIG7 archaic frequency = 61].
adj., pale, sallow; green, yellow.
[*śaŋe >> szke = light colored > blonde ; sga > srga=yellow (due to Turkic influence)]

sig7-sig7

to be beautiful (reduplicated 'to be beautiful, pleasinN).

sig9; si
szk

to be narrow (narrow, fine [ + neck-like]).
[ szk = to be narrow, to be tight fitting, to be needy ]

si-ga
sug, sket

n., silence (cf., sig5).
[sg=whisper, sk-et=deaf]

si-ga
szeg-ny

adj., quiet; weak (cf., sig5 and sig).
[szegny=poor,weak]

si-ga kala-ga
szeg(ny)
+ ke-(mny)

weak and strong points.
[szegny=weak, poor + ke-mny=hard, tough]

si-ga/ge

v., to pile or fill up (e.g., earth for a levee or temple foundation).

si-gal

croissant ('horn-shaped' + 'large').

sg-ba
*
śakre >szr

wool allotment, ration ('hair; wool' + 'share, rations').
[*śakre >szr =hair/wool + *pala>fl=half/share] Sumer *p>b

sg-babbar
*
śakre >szr +fehr

white wool ('hair; wool' + 'white').
[*sakre >szr + feir > fejr > fehr=white ] {*p>f }

sg-bar

loosely hanging hair ('hair' + 'to uncover, expose').

sigga, sig14, eg8,9
sika /Fi

wild mountain boar ? (cf., ah, enbar) [EG9 archaic frequency = 10].
[ Finnish sika=pig , Hungarian sonka=ham ]

sig-sig
szk

narrow (reduplicated 'small').
[szk =narrow ]

sg-sg

whirlwind (reduplicated sg, 'to demolish, flatten').

sg-sur(-ra)
*
śakre >szr + csur

spun wool ('hair; wool' + 'to spray out, expel' + nominative).

sg-ud5
*
śakre >szr + ?

goat's hair ('hair' + 'she-goat').

si-ig; si(-g)
csuk
sg

v., to place into the ground; [ csuk =to close, envelop ]
to calm or put out a fire;
to strike down, level; to silence. [sg =whisper, sk-et =silent, deaf ]
adj., silent; weak
(cf., sig5 and sig).

si-il
szel

to split; to tear apart; to go away, absent oneself (cf., sila).
[*śala >> szel =slice]

si-im-si-im...aka
szim-at-(ol)

to sniff (reduplicated 'to fill' + 'wind' + 'to do'; cf., im-im, 'an aromatic substance').

si--tum

balance owing carried forward from an earlier account
(from Akkadian iaatum, 'to leave behind', ittu, 'remainder, deficit') (cf., l-a[NI]).

ika
szilnk, csonk

potsherd; shell; rind (hand, portion + mouth). {l>blk}
[csg, csonk = a remnant, incomplete or szilank =shard ] ŋ>k

ika-ri
csonk +rep(ed)

shattered potsherds ('potsherd' + 'to break open; to throw away').
[ csonk, csg etc all refer to remnant chunks, shards, cut/broken parts ]

siki, sg
sakre>szr

hair (of head, beard, body); wool; fur, hide (si, 'long, thin things', + ku10, 'black' ? or kul, 'thick, heavy' ?)
[
SIG2 archaic frequency = 224; concatenates 12 sign variants].
[ -*k> *sakre >> szr =hair,fur ] see Sumerian suhur also

sikil

v., to be/make clean, pure (siki, 'hair' ?, + ul, 'to shine'; cf., suku5, 'to shine brightly', sig7, 'to create; to make beautiful') [SIKIL archaic frequency= 7].
[*sakre > szr =hair + *wale > vil=shine] w>/b in Sumerian ??, sikl =to scrubb?
adj., clean, fresh, pure, virginal.
[ szz =virgin, pure] {k>blk}

i-kin2,3
zsir-ken-(cs)

a jar for body oil, ointment, salve. trailing r lost in zsir
[zsir=fat/grease +ken-cs=ointment ].

sil
szl

to praise; to recline (in preparation for the love-making implied by sil5,6).
[szl=to say, to call, {r>l) szer-(et)=love ]

sil5,6

pleasure, joy, bliss (si,'to stand up like a horn', and si,'to fill', + ul, 'joy, pleasure').

sila(3)

street; path; trail; road; market place (si, 'anything long and narrow', + l, 'to extend, reach').

sla, sl, l

measure of capacity, liter = 0.842 modern liters in the Neo-Sumerian period; measuring pot
(si14, 'a small pot', + l, 'to weigh'; but cp. also, sal, 'uterus') [SILA3 archaic frequency= 57; concatenates 3 sign variants].

sila, sil; sl,zil;si-il
szel

to cut into; to divide (si, 'long and narrow', + l, 'to penetrate, pierce').
[ szel =to cut , slice, divide into two]

sila4
szila

(male) lamb; bait (cf., kir11) (sg, 'hair, wool', + la, 'abundance') [SILA4 archaic frequency= 73; concatenates 4 sign variants].
[szila =lamb in some Hungarian dialects, uncommonly used]

sila4-ga-sub-ba
szila +milk + szop-

milk suckling lamb ('lamb' + 'milk' + 'to suck' + nominative).
[szila=lamb (somedialects have this) + szopo=suckling]

sila4-gub
szila gub-aszt

offspring (children or of flocks); mature young of animals ('lambs' + 'to stand').

sila4-nim

early spring lamb ('lamb' + 'early').

sila4-nitah

lamb buck ('lamb' + 'male').

sla-bn-da
szilke +

small sla-vessel ('liter' + 'junior').

sila-kr... dab5/db

to take a different way ('street' + 'different' + 'to take'/'to traverse').

ilam

milk-producing mother cow (u, 'to pour', + lam, 'abundance').

silaŋ, sila11

to knead (dough or clay); to slay.

silig

(cf., ilig).

slig
cslk

hand.
[ *ćδe- > csόlk =knuckle ]

ilig(5), silig(5)
szn (-et)

v., to cease, stop; to lay aside one's work.
[szn=to cease, stop, etc]
adj., extremely powerful, strong (cf.,
ŋiilig and nam-ilig)

silig3,4
csal

sin.
[ csal =to cheat, to trick ]

si-li-ig

(cf., ilig, silig).

silim...dug4/du11/di/e
szilaj.. ?

to greet, say "Hello" ('health' + 'to speak'). egsz-sg-ed-re
szilaj =hardy, tough?

silim...sum
szl-ni .. ?

to greet, say "Hello" ('greeting' + 'to give').
szl-ni =to call, to greet

silim[DI]

to be/make in good shape, healthy, complete (usually considered Akk. loanword, root means 'peace' in 18 of 21 Semitic languages, but Sumerians used word in greeting and root not in Orel & Stolbova's Hamito-Semitic Etymological Dictionary; cf., sil5, 'pleasure, joy', + lum, 'to grow luxuriantly'). [csil-ap -od=to settle down, become relaxed ]

silim- g...d

to greet, say "Hello" ('health' + 'regarding + 'to call, say').

im, em; m[NAM], sim
szim-at

n., herb; aromatic wood; resin; spice; fragrance, perfume (see comments on m; sam is 'spice' in Hebrew; cf., ir-si-im) [IM archaic frequency= 50; concatenates 2 sign variants].
[ szim-at = the scent ; sza-g =a smell]
adj., fragrant.

sim, sn[NAM]

to strain, filter; to sift (flour); to see through (fine, narrow + to be). szit-l ? szi-t-l

sim, snmuen

swallow (Akkadian sinuntu).

IMKڊU

ambergris ('aromatic substance' + 'turtle; whale ?').

im-gam-gam(-ma)
szim-at + gam

an aromatic substance - turpentine (?) ('aromatic resin' + reduplicated 'to bend; to shrivel').
[szim-at =to be smelling, looking for a scent + kam-po=bent wood>crook, gam=nodule]

im-gig

frankincense - used in making medicinal plasters ('aromatic resin' + 'to be sick').

im-im
szim-at

an aromatic substance ('aromatic substance' + 'wind'; cf., si-im-si-im...ak, 'to sniff').
szim-at =a sniff

im-PI-PI

an aromatic substance.

im-su-S

cologne, perfume (?) ('aromatic substance' + 'body' + 'to equal, compete with').

si-m
szarv-

to have horns; horned [can indicate a 'male' animal if only the male sex grows horns] ('horns' + 'to sprout, appear').
szarv=horn , szarv=having horns.

simug
Somogy

metal-sculptor, smith (si4, 'red', + mug, 'to engrave') [SIMUG archaic frequency= 13].
Somogy =county in hungary famous for its archaic metal works & metal refineries.

si-m

shining horns; light rays ('horns; rays' + 'to glisten, shine').
[szaru=horn,antennae + light]

sn

(cf., sim).

sipa

(cf., sipad).

sipad, sibad, sipa; uba; sub2,3
csaba, csobn

n., shepherd; keeper [SIPA archaic frequency= 4]. [csaba, csobn =shepherd ] Turkic sm
v., to pasture, tend
(si, 'to keep in order', + bad, 'to let out', or pd, 'to find')

sipad-ama-[A.]GAN

shepherd of mother animals ('shepherd' + 'mother' + 'to bring forth').
[csaba/csobn =shepherd + *eme > emse =mother + gyn~jn=come forth]

sipad-amar-ru-ga

shepherd of brought back (?) ('shepherd' + 'young ones' + rg, 'to restore' + genitive).

sipad-udu-siki-ka
csobn+sakre>szr

shepherd of wool sheep ('shepherd' + 'sheep' + 'wool' + double genitive).
[csob-n=shepherd + sheep + *sakre >szr=hair/wool]

sipar

(cf., zabar).

si-par4

(cf., sa-par4).

sr
sr
cser-j-ed

n., density. [sr=dense (object), thick (liquid) ]
adj., dense; [sr=dense, thick (liquid) ]
weak r>l [sil-ny=shoddy ??]
feverish [ cserj-ed =to dry out ??]
(si; su; sa; sa5,'to be full; to grow weak', + ir(10), 'sweat').

r

(cf., r).

ir, sir4
csira

testicles (many + to go out + to flow; cf., hir, nir, and Ni2,3) [IR archaic frequency= 24; concatenates 2 sign variants].
[csira =the germ, ova, sprout-seed, sarj=descendant ]

r...ŋa
sir

to sing; to cry (out) ('song' + 'to mete out').
[sr =to cry + *ne > hang=sound/song]

r[EZEN]; ur
sir-at-

n., song; lament (Orel & Stolbova #2258 *sir-/*sur 'sing').
[sirat=a lamenting song, sir=to weep,wail ]
v., to sing.

sir5; sur

(cf., zara5).

r-kug

sacred song; incantation ('song' + 'sacred, holy').
[sir-at-=mourning song +kegy?]

r-ra-nam-en-na; r-re-nam-nir-ra
sir(at)- nem(es)-*najer-ra

song of lordship ('song' + 'lordship' + genitive).
[sr=cry/wail +nem-es=nobility *najer =king/lord]

si-s

right; legal ('straightness' + 'to equal').

sisi (ANE.KUR.RA)

horse (reduplicated si, 'to stand upright').
[ csik=colt ]

si-si-ig

whirlwind (reduplicated sg, 'to demolish, flatten').

siskur(2), sizkur(2)

n., offering, sacrifice with entreaties, prayers, rites.
v., to pray; to sacrifice
(isi2,3, 'to weep', + kur9, 'to bring, deliver').

siskur...e
sz kr-(s)

to say a prayer [often introduces direct, quoted speech in the texts] ('prayer' + 'to speak').
sz=word ..kr=ask, beseech, request

si-u-nu
szaru + cscs +ne

a sea creature ('antennae' + 'to go down' + 'do not').
[szaru=horn, antennae +cscs=sit down + ne=dont]

ta
csat-orna

channel, small canal (, 'portion' + da, d, i7, 'main canal') [ITA3 archaic frequency= 139; concatenation of 2 sign variants].
[csat-orna =canal, water canal, aqueduct ]

ita(4), da; id3,4,5
csat

n., band; bond, tie (, 'portion', + te, 'to approach'; cf., ate, t). [csat= a clasp,tie]
v., to bind; to be together; to join, link with; to couple. [csat = a clasp, a tie, to bind]
adj., bound, intact.

ita, da

clean; bathed; a priest (e, 'to anoint', + ta, d, 'by means of'/d, 'to pour, water')
[
ITA archaic frequency= 373; concatenates 7 sign variants].

ita5, it, id, ed
szed?

n., measure; number (, 'portion', + ta, d, 'nature, character'). [sze-d =pick up >?> sz-m=number,count]
v., to count [szm-ol]; to consider [szmol r]; to calculate, figure out; to memorize;
to recite [be-szmol =to tell all about it];
to read aloud. [szav-al =recite a poem]

ita6

a type of vessel.
szita =sieve

iten

course of march; passage (ta, 'channel', + un, 'people'). [csat-(orna) + np- ]

itim

(cf., idim).

su
hus
sog-or
csup-(asz)

n., body; flesh; skin; animal hide; [ hus=flesh OR *śakre > szr =body hair, fur, hide with fur]
relatives; substitute (as verb, cf.,
si; sug6 or rg)
[sog-or=in laws]
[
SU archaic frequency = 188; concatenates 2 sign variants].
adj., naked. [csup-asz =naked ] see sub-ar

s

(cf., zu)

u
csl-k
csur-og

n., hand; share, portion, bundle; strength; control [U archaic frequency = 360].
[ *cu > csl-k =knuckle, gy =hand ]
v., to pour.
[*ćore >> csur-og =flowing water or liquid]

(cf., ).

u ki-in-dar

full of cracks ('handful' + 'crevices').

u ll-l... dug4/du11/e

to be haunted ('hand' + 'spirit of a place' + 'to effect').

u pe-el l ...dug4/du11/e

to defile; to be defiled ('hand' + pil, 'to be/make dirty, defiled' + 'to penetrate, pierce' + 'to effect'). [pisz-ok =dirt, dirty ]

u s... dug4 /du11/e

to attain ('hand' + 'to reach, arrive').

u si...s

to do things to perfection; to see that all is right ('hand' + 'right; legal').

u sh-a... dug4 /du11/e

to confuse, disconcert; to be confused ('hand' + 'in confusion' + 'to effect').

u h-a... dug4 /du11/e

(cf., u sh-a...dug4/du11/e).

su(11)-lum ...mar

to disgrace, treat with contempt, mock ('body' + 'manure' + 'to coat, apply'; cf., sulummar).

su(3)

(cf., sud, sug4) [SU3 archaic frequency = 6].

su(3)-h[GAN]

a type of copper; slag; borax (?) powder ('to stretch' + 'to support').

su(3)-ud

(cf., sud).

u(4)-luh

ritual cleansing, purification ritual, lustration ('hand' + 'to clean').

u(-a)...gi4

to bring back; to lead back; to repay; to repeat; to answer
('hand' ( + locative) + 'to return').
[hoz=bring OR kz=hand jv =come ] or haza + jn =come home.

u(-a)...si

to fill the hands (with) ('hand' + locative + 'to fill').

u(-a)-l

paralyzed, folded, idle (said of hands) ('hands' + locative + 'to bind, diminish').

u(-a/)...ŋar

to be/place in the hand; to subdue ('hand' + locative/terminative + 'to deliver').

u(-daŋal) ...dug4/du11/e

to supply, to provide (generously) with (with -ni-) ('hand' ( + 'wide, copious') + 'to effect').
[tg =broad, spacious , dag-ad =to widen, to swell]

s(-ud)-ŋa

diamond ?; electrum ?; brass ? ('to be lasting; to rejoice' + 'to measure, check').

u...aka

to take captive ('hand' + 'to do').

u...ba

(cf., u...bad, u...bar).

u...bad
szabad-ul

to release ('hand' + 'to open').
[ szabad =free, allowed, in the open/nature/natural, szabadul=become free, szabadit=to release ]

u...bal

to alter; to tamper; to set aside ('hand' + 'to change').

u...bar

to release, let loose ('hand' + 'to open, release').

u...bru

to open the hand ('hand' + 'to open').

u...dab(2,4,5)

to take or accept ('hand' + 'to hold, take, receive').

u...dag

to roam about; to run away ('hand' + 'to roam').

u...dar
csl(k) ..tr

to slaughter (redupl. class) ('hand' + 'to slice, split, shatter').

u...de6

to set to work ('hand' + 'to bring').

u...d

to bind the hands; to apply one's hands to ('hands' + 'to fasten').

u...du7

to embellish; to put on the finishing touches; to complete; to make perfect (with -ta-) (reduplication class) ('hand' + 'to complete').

u...du8

to hold in the hand (with -ni- or bi-) ('hand' + 'to open').

u...dug4/du11/e

to touch; to place, put ('hand' + 'to effect').

u...gd

to accept; to observe/inspect the offering animal (cf., u-ma-gd-gd; 'hand' + 'to reach out').

u...gu4-gu4-ud
szk

to jumpily move around ('hand' + 'to leap, dance').
szk =to jump up, szk-kut = a fountain, szcs-ke =grass hopper

u...gur
sze-kr

to roll; to wrap; to wipe ('hand' + 'circular motion').
[sze-kr =charriot, wagon]

u...ha-za

to hold in the hand ('hand' + 'to hold, grasp').

u...hu-uz

to roast; to burn ('hand' + 'to rage at') (cf., u...ru-uz).

u...l
szer-k

to build; to grow rich ('hand' + 'to raise').
[szer-k- =to organize, build ]

u...kar(2)
sze-d ..ker(l)

to take away; to withdraw ('hand' + 'to take away').
[sze-d=take, pick]

u...lal/l-l

to defile; to reach; to bind (the hands); to wring the hands ('hand' + 'to pierce, penetrate; to stretch; to bind; to hold').

u...m
csl(k)..n(-l)

to enlarge; to expand (with -ni-); to pray (with dative) ('hand' + 'to grow').

u...niŋin

to proceed; to hurry ('hand' + 'to make the rounds').

u...ŋl

to hold by the hand ('hand' + 'to place in').

u...ŋar

to perform a task; to carry out; to be favorable; to cease doing something
(with -
ta-) ('hand' + 'to deliver').

u...pe
csl(k)fes(-lik)

to expand; to spread out ('hand' + 'womb; to expand').
[fes- =stretch at the seams, to fray, fesz =tight, stretched out, poc-ak =enlarged abdomen]

u...ra
csr

to knead clay and form it into a tablet; to erase ('hand' + 'to beat, stir').
[csr, csavar =twirl, twist]

u...ri
csr

to wring the hands over (with -i-) ('hands' + 'to place against').
[csr, csavar =wring,twist]

u...ru-uz
s-t ..rek/reg

to burn; to roast; to glow (cf., u...hu-uz).
[s-t =bake, cook, shine (sun) + rek- =to be very hot ]

u...sg(-sg)

to wave the hand ('hand' + 'to beat rhythmically').

u...si-ig

to hit with the hand ('hand' + 'to strike down, silence').

u...sud/s

to stretch the hand out after something ('hand' + 'to make remote').

u...sum

to give; to entrust ('hand' + 'to give').

u...su-ub
csl(k)..szop

to gather up; to collect; to scrape together ('hands' + 'to suck').

u...tag

to cover; to adorn, decorate (often with -ni-) ('hand' + 'to weave, decorate').

u...taka4

to send, dispatch (with dative) ('hand' + 'to push').

u...te
visz..tol

to take (variation of u...ti). {#w>blk}
[*wi-ke >visz =to take carry along +tol=from, away] {w>v} normally tol only usable in nouns and el- prefix in verbs

u...ti

to take up, accept, adopt; to grab; to borrow; to gain; to receive; to be taken, accepted (with terminative and -i-)
('hand' + 'to approach').

u...tkur

to nibble or lick one's fingers ('hand' + 'to gnaw, nibble').

u...r

to erase; to wipe (with -ni- and bi-; also with -ta-) ('hand' + 'to drag over').

u...s

to send, dispatch; to push or knock on (a door); to hold out in the hand ('hand' + 'to reach out').

su...zg/zi
hus.. *salke > _ll

to have/give gooseflesh; to be afraid of (with -da-) ('flesh' + zg, zi, 'to stand up, rise').
[
hus.. *salke > _ll ]

u...zi-zi(-g)

to raise one's hand (in violence) ('hand' + reduplicated 'to rise up').

u..saŋ11/siŋ18
---..
csih-(ol)

to rub ('hand' + 'to make a harvesting motion').
[ hand + csih-ol =to rub to make a spark szik-ra or csisz-(ol) =to scrape, rub metal to make it bright]

u/-luh... aka
__
+ lug ..ksz(it)

to clean (a canal) ('hand' + 'to clean' + 'to do').
[hand + lug=wash water + ksz(it)= make, prepare ]

U+NININ
sz + *nakke

?? grand total ('hand' + 'circle, whole') [? UNIGIN archaic frequency= 1].
[ sz =total + ? *nakke =the grand whole, the great end & a lot of other things like 4, woman, joint etc.]

U+NNIN
sz + *nakke

subtotal ('hand' + 'circle, whole').
[ sz =total + ? *nakke =the grand whole, the great end & a lot of other things like 4, woman, joint etc.]

su11

(cf., z).

su11...li9-li9

(cf., z...li9-li9).

su11-lum

(cf., z-lum(-ma)).

u12

(cf., de).

su13

(cf., sud4).

su4
szr, ser-ken

to grow; to multiply.
[ szr =multiply, spread seeds; serken =the sprouting of plants. ]

u4

(cf., u).

u4(-g)
*salke > _ll

to stand; to be deployed, set up (plural, reduplication class). {-ke# > blk} {lk> g}
[ *salke > _ll =to stand, _l-it=to set up, deploy ] Hu drops lead s & lk>l
whereas Sumerian nomally drops trailing l and internal k.

su5

(cf., suh5).

su6

(cf., sun4).

su6-nam-ti-la

beard of life ('beard' + 'life' + genitive).

su6-za-gn(-na)

lapis lazuli (-colored) beard; clean beard ('beard' + 'lapis lazuli; clean' + genitive; might be some wordplay with Akk. ziqnu, 'beard').

su7

(cf., sug8).

su8

(cf., sg, sb).

su9; a4
sr

n., red ocher. [szin =color ]
v., to mourn, grieve. [sr =cry, grave ]

su-a
cila

cat (cf., sug8).
[cila=amptjer word for cat ] c=ts

u-a...taka4

to leave (something) to (someone) ('hand' + locative + 'to push').

u-a-gi-na
csl-(k) -egy-en

regular, daily offering ('hand; portion' + locative + 'steady' + nominative).
[ *čudhe =fingers >hand? >>csl-k=knuckles +egyen-es=straight, honest >egy-ez =same amount ]

ub
szk
csp
csonk,
?csup-asz

to cast, throw; to be cast; (with -da-) [szk=skip, jump up]
to drop, let fall; to fall (upon); [ csp, csep = rain droplet, or dripping water, a small amount of something. ]
to fell a tree; (with -
ta-) to throw out, remove (u, 'hand' + bu5, 'to rush around').
[ csonk =a stubble , remnant of a tree, csupasz =to throw off and be naked, bare, only ]

sb, sg, su8
csaba

to lead out; to stand; to travel (plural mar su8-b, said of two or more,
such as a herd; cf., also
du, ŋin, re7). [ csaba / csobn = shepherd ]

sub; su-ub
szop

to suck; to suckle; to clog; to bless; to pray (naked flesh + open container).
[*sepe >> szop > sziv = suckle > suck]

sub2/3
csaba

(cf., sipad). [csaba =shepherd]

ub6[ID]
szop

to lick.
[szop = to suck ]

uba(2/3)
csp
szp

n., a precious stone - agate (?); a priest (cf., sipad). [szp =pretty, well made ]
v., to be bathed, clean
('licked clean' ?). [ csp =dripping, dribbling ]
adj., pretty; shining. [ szp =pretty ]

u-bal...aka

to alter; to tamper; to set aside ('hand' + 'to change' + 'to do').

subar
Szuvartu

slave; Northerner (su, 'body', + bar, 'foreign').
[ Szuvartu in old Hungarian reference to the origin of the Magyar clan in the Caucasus region. ]

ub-lugal

subordinate of the king ('to drop; to delegate' + 'king').
[????suba/subad=shepherd, caretaker?]

ubun

(cf., ŋibun).

ubur
_ por

earth; slave, deprived person [UBUR archaic frequency= 181].
[ por=dust, also the low ranked people in FU society of eathly origin > par-aszt ]

su-bru
sly + por

quicksand, quagmire ('to immerse' + 'to dissolve, loosen').
sly=immerse + por =dust, dirt

sd
csat-(og)

to pound, crush; to gnash (the teeth) (su9, 'red ochre', + motion).
[csat-an, csat-og etc to clang, smash, etc making a sound in so doing ] *t>d in Sumerian

sud, s; su
szed
szab-ad
sziv, szip
z
sly-
me-sze

v., to be/make remote, far away, lasting; [ szed =take away, take off ]
to stretch; to wag (a tail); to rejoice, feel delight; to stretch; to wag (a tail); to rejoice, feel delight;
[ szab-ad =free, carefree, independent (no need to work as its the end of fall & the harvest is in ]
to sip; [ *čuppe >> szip > sziv > sz =suck, suckle ]
to sprinkle; to strew; to furnish, provide; [ *sose > z =to get soaked, to drench, rainy season, fall season ]
to immerse; to sink; to drown (reduplication class) (regularly followed by
r) [ sly- =to sink ]
(su4, 'to grow up multiply', + d, 'to go out').
adj., distant, remote; long (duration). [me-sze=distant, remote/ me?=place,land ] me- =interrogative prefix, what?
While szabad is often claimed to be a Slavic loan word, that is unlikely since its an important word and Slavic is a rather late influence. The word is also found in Sumerian and Thracian for a free man/nobleman. Thracian is Scythian and is this has many ties to old Hungarian. There are other Sumerian terms that are tied to this variation.

d...r
szid ..jr

to pray ('to pray' + 'plural, to come, go').
[szid =curse/pray + jr =come & go]

sud4, su13

v., to be long; to prolong, lengthen; to last; [ szt =apart, separate ??, hosz =long]
to give, present (regularly followed by
r) [ *amta >anta >> ad =to give food > to give ]
(narrow line + repetitive process) [BU = archaic frequency = 393; concatenation of 2 sign variants].
adj., long.

u-da

hand and forearm, as a unit of measurement, ell/cubit (cf., k) ('hand' + 'arm').

u-dab(5)(-ba)

sale ('hand' + 'to clasp, take away' + nominative).

de, du, d, u12
szit, szid

n., prayer, blessing [U12 archaic frequency = 1].
v., to pray, bless
(u, 'hand', + d, 'to hail'). [ szit =to curse, an archaic form/remnant of praying to old gods, as in many Hungarian curses are still. ex "a fene egye meg" = may "fene" eat it, where "fene" is an ancient demon. ]

u-dim4-ma

loyal ('hand' + 'subservient' + nominative).

su-din

butterfly; part of a wagon or plough (cf., ŋiudun).

su-din(-dal)muen

bat ('body' + 'to cure'; Akk. s/u(t)tinnu).
??? cure what ?? su=skin/flesh +tin=live + dal=to fly so
[*kuse> hus=flesh + ? + *tulka >toll =fly/feather/wing ]

SUD-la

a quality of the ground ('to sprinkle, immerse' + 'freshness').

u-du8-a

guarantee ('to hold' + nominative).

u-du8-a... DU(de6/tm)

to act as guarantor for ('guarantee' + 'to bring, carry').

u-d-a

length measure of 10 fingers = 16.666 cm. ('hands' + 'to stack').

udug(2), utug(2)

a reed hut for purification rites; basket.
[st-or =tent or any primitive shelter] also Turkic << csat =to clasp, tie together

u-dul5

(cf., udun).

sug

swamp; flood basin; lake; fertile land (to fill, inundate + g, 'levee, dike')
[
SUG archaic frequency = 15].

ug

(cf., uku).

sg, su8
*salke >>_ll

to stand (plural mar) (cf., gub, sb) (su, 'body' + 'long and neck-like').
[*salke >_ll_ =stand ] {#s>blk} {lk>ll}

sug4, s; su
csup-asz

v., to strip naked, lay bare; to empty (su, 'body' + ig, 'entrance'; cp, mug(2),'nakedness').
adj., empty, destitute.
[ *čupp >> csup-asz =bare, naked, uncover ]

sug5[GN]
also dn
dn-t, dl

to bring low; to knock down
(also read
dn [dn-t], du5 with this meaning [dl]) (cf., tn)
(si, 'to stand upright' + ug5,7,8, 'to kill'; cf., sig3,10,11,18, sag2,3, s, s)
[
SUG5 archaic frequency = 67].

sug6, su

to replace, restore, return (a loan, etc.) (reduplication class) (cf., rg) (to fill up + entrance, chamber).

sug8, sul4, sur12, su7
szal-ma
cila

threshing floor; grain pile;
[szal-ma =hay?]
a small animal (cf.,
su-a, 'cat').
[ cila =another name for cat ] also in Dravidian

s-ga

deceitful(ly) (cf., sug4).

u-gna

agricultural tool ('hand' + 'field').

u-gi(4)
*soŋke > _agg

old ('hand' + 'to return' ?, 'to lock up' ?, 'reed-like' ?).
[*soŋke =very old person >> agg]

u-gibil-gibil...aka

to renew ('hand' + 'to renovate' + 'to renovate' + 'to do').

u-gd

dues; general obligation ('hand' + 'to reach out; to measure out').

su-gu7/k
hus + kaja

skin disease ('flesh, skin' + 'to eat, consume').
[ hus =flesh + kaja=food ]

sug-zag-gi4 ...gu7

to destroy ('swamp' + 'territory' + 'to surround' + 'to finish off').

suh(2,3,5)
csuk

n., confusion, disorder; encircling wall (cf., ŋi-suh5) (ussu, 'eight', + numerous, cf. the ancillary meanings of imin, 'seven' - as more than seven, eight is confusing) [No, greater than 6 originally only existed as a composite number, not as an ordinal number, because the old counting system was 6 based, just as in FinnUgor languages, so 7 in both languages also meant many and only became a number later.
*čukke > sok=many]
[SUH3 archaic frequency = 4]. [*ćukka >> csuk =to enclose, to lock up ]
v., to uproot, displace; to relocate, transfer; to become confused. [ki-csuk =lock out ]
adj., carefully chosen. [ csak = only, especially ]

suh4
sz(v)

reed matting (fine, narrow + plant + numerous).
[ sz-nyeg ="woven material" >carpet ] *ŋ>n/g

u-ha

robber (cf., u-ku6(-d)).

u-hal-la

open hand ('hand' + 'to divide, distribute' + nominative).

su-hirin[SU7.SUM]
szr

the threshing floor with the piles of grain and straw
(su7, 'threshing floor', + hirin, 'sweet smelling grass').
[szr = closed area for threshing ]

suh-keda

ornament ('carefully chosen' + 'to fasten').

u-hul...d

to destroy ('hands' + 'evil' + 'to fasten').

suhur
*sakre > szr

n., hair, scalp; tree top; crest (su6, 'beard', + he, 'abundant', + r, 'roof'; cf., suhu) [SUHUR archaic frequency= 239].
-k>h [ *sakre > szr =hair, fur ]
v., to trim or comb the hair; to scratch; to make an incision.

suhurku6

giant carp, barbel. [the old FU dumbel like wooden mallets, looked something like
bowling pins, used to mash fish eggs, looked a bit like fat fish too ???]

suhu

roots; support, foundation; to lift; support (su4, 'to grow, multiply', + he, 'abundant', + u, 'to support'; cf., suhur).

u-l-la(2)
csl(k)..(em)el

prayer (hand-raising) ('hand' + 'to raise' + nominative).
[ csl(k) + *elema >emel {metathesis in Hu.} ] all other FU languages have it el-ma in order.

u-kŋ... dab(5)

to perform a service; to kneel down ('hand' + 'order, task' + 'to hold/seize').

suk-kal

messenger, courier, envoy, representative; minister, vizier
(su, 'body', + kalag/kal, 'strong, swift') [SUKKAL archaic frequency= 130].
[ *suwe >> sz/szv=word +eg=sentence/message ]

sukkal-mah

vizier, prime minister, 'minister of the interior' ('minister' + 'grand').

uku, ug
szak

allotted food portion, ration, provision; allotted field plot (regularly followed by r) (u, 'portion', + kud, 'to separate').
[ szak- =a portion, szak-it=to ripp/break off ]

suku5

(cf., skud).

u-ku6(-d)
__ -hal-sz

fisherman ('hand' + 'fish' + ?; should read esadx ?). { ?metathesis } ku-su > su-ku +du
[hand +hal=fish +sz=profession ]

skud, suku5
su-gr

to measure, distribute;
to flash, shine brightly
(cf., z...kud/ku5).
[su-gr =sunbeam, beam of light, gara=big,great]

sukud; zugud
szakad-(k)

n., height; depth (su, 'body', + gd, 'long') [SUKUD archaic frequency= 15]. [szak-ad-k=a cliff]
v., to be/make high. adj., high; tall. [*ćukke > sg =hill, mound ]

sl

(cf., sun4).

ul, sul
szil-(aj)?
szal-(ad)
si-(et)

n., young man; warrior; invader; [szilaj > ?Sol-t=tough, durable, harsh > a princes name]
a bad disease involving skin eruptions
(probably Akkadian loanword from alaalu, 'to plunder; to deprive').
v., to hurry, hasten, speed up
(cf., ul4); to rub into the skin (duplication class). [szal-ad=hurry, run ]
adj., strong, heroic, proud, splendid. [szil-aj =tough, strong, durable, able bodied ]

sul4

(cf., sug8).

su-l-a
hus + lo(g)

salted or cured meat ('flesh' + 'to hang' + nominative).
[ hus =flesh + l-g=hang ]

u-l-a

entrusted ('hands' + 'to hold' + nominative).

ul-a-lum

punishment (probably Akkadian loanword from alaalu, 'to plunder; to deprive').

su-lim
sok lng?lm

awesome radiance, splendor (Akk. alummatu, alummu).

sulum-mar
[KI.SAN.DU]

disgrace (cf., su(11)-lum...mar). mar ~ bar ?

ul-zi

worthy young man ('young man' + 'good; true').

um

n., saw; sickle with serrated edge (a5, 'to cut, break' + eme, 'tongue, utensil' ?; cf., ag5, 'to slaughter')
[?
TAG archaic frequency= 48 ?; concatenates 7 ? sign variants].
v., to slaughter, butcher.

m, sum
csom

garlic; onion (Akkadian loanword from uumu, 'garlic', related to ammu, 'plant, drug, medicine', Orel & Stolbova 2185, sam-, 'poison').
[ *ćolme > csom = nodule, knot, which can also be a bulb, thus a bulbous plant ]

sum, m, sm, s

to give, lend (with dative) (sum-mu in mar) (cf., sm) [SUM archaic frequency= 43; concatenates 2 sign variants].

sum4

(cf., sun4).

um4

(cf., suŋin).

suma

a common marine fish [SUMA archaic frequency= 3].

u-ma-gd-gd

diviner; omen (cf., u...gd; 'hand' + 'goat kid' + reduplicated 'to reach out').
[gid *kate > kz =hand ?] mas =goat kid

U-ME-EREN

cypress resin (cf., (Ni)u-r-me).

sum-GUD
hagy-csom/gyom
>hagy-ma

a type of onion ('onion' + 'robust like a bull'). {metathesis} [ki-sum-ak =onion also and is the most complete form ]
[csomo = bulb, a clump, nodule, a knot ] hagyma =onion and is related to Sumerian ki-sum-ak.

sum-sag 9
csomo +z-es

a type of onion ('onion' + 'good, pleasing').
[*čolme >>csomo =bulb + z-es, d-es =sweet ]

sum-sikil
csom + ?

garlic ('onion' + 'pure, concentrated').
[*čolme >>csomo =bulb ]

sum-tab-ba

binding double sheaf ('to give' + 'double' + nominative).

su-mug(3,4,5),
sa-mag(3,4,5)

mole; birthmark (su, 'flesh', + mug, 'to engrave; sty').

sumun

(cf., suŋin).

sumur, r, sr
szrny-ed, szrny

n., fierceness (Akkadian loanword - amru, 'fierce, enraged, wild') [UR2 archaic frequency= 17; concatenates 2 sign variants].
-r> [szr-ny =terrible, fierce, scary ] also Altaic
v., to be enraged (against someone-
da-).
adj., fierce; furious; stubborn

sum-za-ha-ti/din

(cf., za-ha-ti/din).

sun

(cf., suŋin).

sn

aurochs cow, wild cow; beerwort (su, 'to fill, be sufficient',+ un, 'people').

n[MUL]
csilan vil(an)

n., star. v., to shine brightly. {w>m }
[ćelke >csil-an =twinkle, starr, shineing light]

sun4, sum4, sl, su6
szj + *ŋa > j

chin; lower lip; beard (cf., si, 'long, thin things', and tn, 'lip') [SU6 archaic frequency= 1; BU3 archaic frequency= 21].
[szj =mouth ] + [*ŋa > j=opening /ajk=chin, lip]

sun5[BR], su16
csin-
csuk

n., modesty. [csin-talan=incorrigable, "un-ruly" ; talan=not being, un, thus without the un its the opposite ]
v., to enter (plural ?; cf.,
kur9)
adj., humble; with bowed head; dominated (su9, 'to mourn, grieve' + n, 'fear; respect').
[*ćokke =to bend oneself, to pull together > csuk =to close, csukor-od =to croutch ]
I am presuming that the k became palatized, thus becomeing ŋ then depalatized as n.

sun7[KAL]

quarrel, discord.

u-nim-ma

early to work ('hand' + 'early' + nominative).

sn-si-m

horned (or male) aurochs cow ('aurochs cow' + 'horned').

u-ŋar

effect ('hand' + 'to deliver').

suŋin, sumun, sun, um4[BAD]
csn-(ik)

n., rot, decay; something rotten; the past
(su, 'body', + ŋin, 'to go') [? ZATU-644 archaic frequency= 65; concatenation of 2 sign variants].
[ čim =spoil, go sour /Ob Ugrian ]
v., to decay; to ruin.
adj., old, ancient. [*ćune > csnik = wilted, stunted ]

sur
szr
szle

n., a garden plant; rushes; chaff, chopped straw [? SUR archaic frequency= 6].
[ szr =stem or {r>l} szal-ma=straw]
v., to delimit, bound, divide [szl=edge,boundary] (reduplication class ?)(cf.,
ur) (si, 'long and narrow', + ur, 'to surround'; cf., sila, sil; sl, zil; si-il, 'to cut into, divide'). [szal-ag=ribbon, band, szl =edge, border, limit]

sr

(cf., sumur).

sr
_r-k

ditch; deep furrow; drain (to fill, inundate + to flow; contrast sug, 'flood basin').
[ ? + r =to flood + hely=place ]

r

(cf., sumur).

ur, sur
csor-og, csur-og

to rain; to produce a liquid; to flow, drip; to extract seed oil; to process wine and juices; to press (out); to spray out; to brew (beer); to submerge; to flash, gleam (u, 'to pour' + to flow; cf., eN3,7).
[ *ćore >> csur- =to flow, dribble, running water or liquid]

sur12

(cf., sug8).

sur6,7
szirt
sly
cser-ny

height; [szirt =mountain peaks ]
depth; [ r>l? sly=to sink]
foundation pit
(s, u, 'height; foundation; to support, lift', + uru2,5,18, 'high, deep').
[ cser-ny =??fenced in area for animals, for their safety ]

sur8

(cf., zar).

s-r

far-reaching ('far away' + 'to go'/indicator of phoneme in sud).

r-dmuen
soly-om

(trained) falcon ('fierce' + 'to work').
{l>r} [soly-om=hawk ] om =formative

u-ri(2)(-a)
__ + rsz

one-half ('hand' + 'to take, remove' + nominative).
[csl(k) + rsz =part of the whole, section]

surim

(cf., surin).

suru5, sur5
szr-ny, szll

to hang, suspend; to hover; to wear (cf., sur6,7).
[szr-ny =wing, szl =fly r>l]

urun, urim
szar

animal excrement, dung; stable (ur, 'to flow, drip', + imi/im, 'clay, mud').
[*ćare >szar =shit (verb & noun)] -im=deverbal suffix.

urun4,5, urin4,5
ser-ke

cockroach; cricket.
[serke = louse ] U.A.

su
cscs

to sit down; to reside (su, 'body, relatives', + u8, 'foundation place, base'; cf., tu).
[ cscs =sit!, cscs-l=sits ]

u(2),
u2,4
*skse >> _sz_
st (t)

to overthrow; to throw down; to go down; to set, become dark, [*eće =fall, night > es-t =night, setting, fall]
be overcast (said of the sun); to cover (with -
da-) (reduplication class) (reduplicated u, 'hand'; cf., ub) [U2 archaic frequency= 243]. [*eće >_st-t =dark ] [*skse =fall time, rainy season >> sz=fall time ]

su2,3
csisz-(ol)

to rub, anoint (with oil) (su, 'body', + e, 'to anoint').
csisz-ol =to scaore; ?Turk chista > Hungarian tiszta =clean

u4
zuz

to fell trees; to chop away (reduplicated u, 'hand').
[zuz =to smash, to crush ]

u5,6,
u5,6
esz

bedding, litter, feed, fodder (scattered for animals) (reduplicated u, 'to stand upon').
[*sewe > ev, esz =eat ] w>

u-ana

one third (part).
[u =60 360="whole"/60 = 6 ?? seems like it should be 1/6th ]

susbu
*sose > z, sz

clean, bathed; a priest. [*sose > z =soaked, weted, moistened ]

u-...lal/l
csl(k)l(g)

to hold in the hand, suspend from the hands ('hand' + 'to bind, hold, hanN).

u-...si
csl(k)-hoz

to hand over; to deliver ('hand' + 'towards' + 'to fill').

u-si
cs-d

finger ('hand' + 'horn, ray, antenna').
(*uδe >> csd=finger & toe of an animal )

u-Sin 3;

calendar month 2 at Ur during Ur III.

u-u...ŋar
hand..nyer

to grant a pardon ('hand' + 'hand' + 'to deliver').
[ hand + nyer=win, obtain ]

u-r
hand-szer-ez

seizing ('hand' + 'fierce, furious').
[ hand + szer-ez =obtain, get ]

uur(2)
---
s-(t/l)

stove grill (, 'to cover', + ru, 'hot, luminous metal').
[s-t =to bake, s-s =bake! , s-l =is baking] ?sas-lik in Turkic

u-tag... dug4/du11/e

to adorn; to decorate (with -ni-); to sprinkle; to paint ('hand' + 'to weave, decorate, strike' + 'to effect').

u-ti-a

goods, staples, etc. received ('to receive' + nominative).

utum
[GI.NA.AB.UL]

lizard.

u-tu-tu

escape ('hand' + reduplicated 'to interfere').

su-ub

(cf., sub).

u-r-ra
sur-(ol)

scraping or grinding by hand ('hand' + 'to shear' + nominative).
[sur-ol=scrape]

sux (TAG)
szr

to spread (cf., sud).
[ szr =to spread, to dispense seeds all over , szerte =in all directions]

su-zi

terror.

su-zg/zi ...ri

to scare ('gooseflesh' + 'to put into').